Biopolitics, colonialism, India, informality
, street dogs
But in recent years, that deference has waned (she blames the informality
of social media).
Although the issue of scale isn't the same as informality
, it's pretty close, he said; the issues are "first cousins."
Among various findings, the results imply a strongly negative relationship between informality
and productivity, which we investigate further to identify causality.
The government should continue its efforts in areas where it has made good progress in recent years, such as promoting work-based learning to improve people's skills and enforcing applicable labour and tax law to curb informality
and the underreporting of earnings.
, the real gains come from increasing productivity in the Jua Kali sector" says Diarietou Gaye, World Bank Country Director for Kenya.
Extant research on informality
has progressed in two key research streams.
Zeroing on Mogadishu and hinging on Farah's counterimaginary literary fiction on urban governance and informality
, he describes Mogadishu as a "world-capital of things-gone-completely-to-hell" (p.
It is important to account for the possibility of informality
because in many economies a large share of total economic activity takes place in the informal sector.
Such a model allowed me to analyze how three different policies, unemployment benefits, a formal lump sum tax, and a job creation subsidy, affect the levels of informality
in the labor market.
In spite of a sizable decrease in the rate of informality
in recent years, this rate is still quite high: 37 percent for the whole workforce and 20 percent among wage earners.
Strange, that this informality
is also matched by the eating habits of the local market too.