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Information

The formal accusation of a criminal offense made by a public official; the sworn, written accusation of a crime.

An information is tantamount to an indictment in that it is a sworn written statement which charges that a particular individual has done some criminal act or is guilty of some criminal omission. The distinguishing characteristic between an information and an indictment is that an indictment is presented by a Grand Jury, whereas an information is presented by a duly authorized public official.

The purpose of an information is to inform the accused of the charge against him, so that the accused will have an opportunity to prepare a defense.

information

n. an accusation or criminal charge brought by the public prosecutor (District Attorney) without a grand jury indictment. This "information" must state the alleged crimes in writing and must be delivered to the defendant at the first court appearance (arraignment). If the accusation is for a felony, there must be a preliminary hearing within a short period (such as five days) in which the prosecution is required to present enough evidence to convince the judge holding the hearing that the crime or crimes charged were committed and the defendant is likely to have committed them. If the judge becomes convinced, the defendant must face trial, and if the judge does not, the case against the defendant is dismissed. Sometimes it is a mixed bag, in that some of the charges in the information are sufficient for trial and the case is sent (remanded) to the appropriate court, and some are dismissed. (See: grand jury, indictment, charge, preliminary hearing, accusation, felony)

information

(Charge), noun accusal, accusation, allegation, charge, criminal accusal, formal accusation, formal averment, formal charge, formal criminal charge, formal criminal complaint, official criminal charge, prosecutorial complaint, written accusation
Associated concepts: felony information, misdemeanor innormation

information

(Facts), noun communiqué, data, exact data, figures, news, notice, notification, specifics, statistics

information

(Knowledge), noun acquired facts, accuired knowledge, available facts, book learning, collected writings, communication, communiqué, compilations, comprehension, education, enlightenment, erudition, familiarity, grasp, intelligence, intelligent grip, knowledge, knowledge of facts, known facts, learning, lore, mental grasp, revelation, understanding, wisdom
Associated concepts: duty to ascertain information, priviieged information, upon information and belief, withholddng information
Foreign phrases: Nemo tenetur informare qui nescit, sed quisquis scire quod informat.No one who is ignorant of a thing is bound to give information about it, but everyone is bound to know that concerning which he gives information.
See also: accusation, advice, charge, clue, communication, complaint, comprehension, connotation, data, direction, disclosure, dispatch, edification, file, guidance, intelligence, knowledge, learning, message, monition, news, notice, notification, presentment, publicity, report, science, statement, study, warning

information

in English criminal procedure, the statement informing a magistrate of the offence in respect of which a warrant or summons is sought.

INFORMATION. An accusation or complaint made in writing to a court of competent jurisdiction, charging some person with a specific violation of some public law. It differs in nothing from an indictment in its form and substance, except that it is filed at the discretion of the proper law officer of the government, ex officio, without the intervention or approval of a grand jury. 4 Bl. Com. 308, 9.
     2. In the French law, the term information is used to signify the act or instrument which contains the depositions of witnesses against the accused. Poth. Proc. Cr. sect. 2, art. 5.
     3. Informations have for their object either to punish a crime or misdemeanor, and these have,.perhaps, never been resorted to in the United States or to recover penalties or forfeitures, which are quite common. For the form and requisites of an information for a penalty, see 2 Chit. Pr. 155 to 171. Vide Blake's Ch. 49; 14 Vin. Ab. 407; 3 Story, Constitution, Sec. 1780 3 Bl. Com. 261.
     4. In summary proceedings before justices of the peace, the complaint or accusation, at least when the proceedings relate to a penalty, is called an information, and it is then taken down in writing and sworn to. As the object is to limit the informer to a certain charge, in order that the defendant may know what he has to defend, and the justice may limit the evidence and his subsequent adjudication to the allegations in the information, it follows that the substance of the particular complaint must be stated and it must be sufficiently formal to contain all material averments. 8 T. R. 286; 5 Barn. & Cres. 251; 11 E. C. L. R. 217; 2 Chit. Pr. 156. See 1 Wheat. R. 9.

References in periodicals archive ?
(154.) See Critchfield et al., supra note 88, at 4 (explaining that the strength of community banks stems from their ability to utilize a relationship banking model to successfully lend to "informationally opaque" borrowers).
These findings are consistent with the view that relationship lending facilitates bank monitoring, particularly for informationally opaque firms, which are more likely to engage in risk-shifting activities.
In other words, causality tests are helpful in testing whether a market A is quicker in processing information and hence more informationally efficient than another market B.
If one group agrees with the relevance and impact of new information, and they trade on such information accordingly, then it follows that the market may be informationally efficient from their point of view.
Third, this Part argues that the heavy reliance of market discipline on investors in money instruments is flawed, insofar as these investors are generally informationally insensitive to risk.
Considering the most informationally disadvantaged OM investors, Table 4 indicates that there are a significantly higher percentage of these investors, which account for a significantly higher percentage of the financing proceeds, if an agent is involved.
Premise 1 assumes that people are informationally closed systems only in touch with their own processes (Glasersfeld, 1995; Raskin, 2011; Raskin & Debany, 2012).
As far as being informationally dominant, Foxhall obviously leaves a lot of holes.
* Nicolas Lambert, Michael Ostrovsky, and Mikhail Panov, Stanford University, "Strategic Trading in Informationally Complex Environments"
This approach is reserved for the relatively informationally transparent firms.
Ashley Davis noticed that the trip to Tajikistan was very productive, useful and informationally rich.
To be informationally literate, students must be able to efficiently and effectively access and evaluate information (Partnership for 21st Century Learning, 2014) while also using their time appropriately so as to "apply a fundamental understanding of the ethical/legal issues surrounding the access and use of information" (Partnership for 21st Century Learning, 2014).

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