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noun adaptation, alteration, breaking of precedent, change, change in method, departure, digression, divergence, diversification, exchange of obligations, modernization, modification, mutare, neoterism, new device, new idea, new method, new phase, novare, novelty, radically new measure, revision, revolution, shift, variation

INNOVATION. Change of a thing established for something new.
     2. Innovations are said to be dangerous, as likely to unsettle the common law. Co. Litt. 370, b; Id. 282, b. Certainly no innovations ought to be made by the courts, but as every thing human, is mutable, no legislation can be, or ought to be immutable; changes are required by the alteration of circumstances; amendments, by the imperfections of all human institutions but laws ought never to be changed without great deliberation, and a due consideration of the reasons on which they were founded, as of the circumstances under which they were enacted. Many innovations have been made. in the common law, which philosophy, philanthropy and common sense approve. The destruction of the benefit of clergy; of appeal, in felony; of trial by battle and ordeal; of the right of sanctuary; of the privilege to abjure the realm; of approvement, by which any criminal who could, in a judicial combat, by skill, force or fraud kill his accomplice, secured his own pardon of corruption of blood; of constructive treason; will be sanctioned; by all wise men, and none will desire a return to these barbarisms. The reader is referred to the case of James v. the Commonwealth, 12 Serg. & R. 220, and 225 to 2 Duncan, J., exposes the absurdity of some ancient laws, with much sarcasm.

INNOVATION, Scotch law. The exchange of one obligation for another, so that the second shall come in the place of the first. Bell's Scotch Law Dict. h. t. The same as Novation. (q. v.)

References in periodicals archive ?
Organizational capital itself is also divided into two main structural parts: innovational capital and process capital (Namvar et al.
Variables University Entrepreneurial Innovational culture performance Tehran 71/62 97/69 Shahib beheshti 61/77 98 Sharif 75/64 95/78 Elm- o - sanat 69/13 102 Sum of comprehensive 133/39 195/69 universities Sum of industrial 144/77 197/78 universities Variables University Learning (individual, group, organizational) Tehran 94/81 Shahib beheshti 85/65 Sharif 92/54 Elm- o - sanat 96/02 Sum of comprehensive 180/46 universities Sum of industrial 188/56 universities
Potentially, the level of labor arrangement may be higher than the technical in organizational projects only, when flexible systems for labor arrangement are designed, based on the innovational achievements of science and technology.
Finally, this study extends knowledge on organizational slack by moving beyond the traditional emphasis on financial slack to include innovational and managerial slack.
innovational highlights are the additional operating modes for plants, device groups and individual units, as well as the monitoring of process values, such as accumulated pressure and flow rates.
Thousands of coffee professionals from more than 75 countries will convene at the Boston Convention & Exhibition Center for the Expo, to focus on specialty coffee, learn about the latest innovational trends and products in the coffee marketplace, and engage with fellow industry professionals for the ultimate purpose of improving coffee consumers' experiences.
Risks in supply chains could reside in physical, financial, informational, relational, and innovational subchains (Cavinato 2004).
CARDS: communication; innovational capability; relationship management; project management skills; trustworthiness; HR profile; conflict solving capability; competence to act (for example: permission); material inputs used; financial resources; (foreign)language communication; expertise (know-how); financial reliability; delegation of responsibility and competence; recognition of the limits of own competence; own network; extension of own competence; ethical behavior; corporate reputation; instruments, devices used; other
In addition to announcing the international rank of the countries, the website provides the visitors with the following information for each of scientific, technological and innovational indices in nanotechnology:
An opportunity to provide activating effect on various types of immunity (congenital and adaptive immune response) allows to consider this preparation as innovational immunomodulator with unique for today multi-directed mechanism of action.
A select group of some of Africa's most innovational entrepreneurs was also invited to participate in the summit by demonstrating their own unique projects and products in an assigned demo area.
Together with nanotechnology, biotechnology is one of the pillars of innovational economy.

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