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The increase in sputum clearance with the Mapleson C may be explained by previous laboratory studies which showed that the Mapleson C delivered higher peak expiratory flow rate, peak inspiratory pressure, and tidal volume (Savian et al 2005, Maxwell and Ellis 2003).
Regional diaphragmatic length and EMG activity during inspiratory pressure support and CPAP in awake sheep.
15) Further, they demonstrated that IMT in combination with exercise compared to exercise alone may only have additional benefit with respect to improvements in maximal inspiratory pressure ([PI.
The major complication of jet ventilation is barotrauma due to raised intrathoracic pressure, resulting from either outflow obstruction or excessive inspiratory pressure (8-10).
Patient-ventilator synchrony was higher with the facemask than with the helmet as the helmet's large inner volume and compliance caused overdamping of the inspiratory pressure rise.
T] rather than high inspiratory pressure, is chiefly responsible for lung injury (2,3) and hypocapnia is associated with neonatal brain injury (4,5).
2004) conducted a study that examined the effect of a 16 week sit-up and biceps curl training program on various respiratory measures including diaphragm thickness, maximum inspiratory pressure (MIP) and maximum expiratory pressure (MEP).
The inspiratory trigger on the ventilator was set to 1 cmH2O below the PEEP level and the inspiratory rise time (time to reach the set inspiratory pressure expressed as a percentage of the respiratory cycle time) to 1 percent.
Breathing pattern, vital capacity (VC), sniff nasal inspiratory pressure (SNIP), peak expiratory flow (PEF), and respiratory comfort were evaluated at baseline and after each application.
Following induction and paralysis, he was intubated and intermittent positive pressure was maintained on an Ulco EV500 ventilator (Ulco Medical, Marrickville NSW) with a tidal volume of 500 ml and a peak inspiratory pressure of 18 cm[H.
There were no differences in airway maintenance or ventilatory efficiency and we speculate that the way in which the SLIPA increased its resistance to leak, as the inspiratory pressure rose, might account for the similar performance.

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