insurgent

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insurgent

a person or group that rises in revolt against an established government or authority but whose conduct does not amount to belligerency.
Collins Dictionary of Law © W.J. Stewart, 2006

INSURGENT. One who is concerned in an insurrection. He differs from a rebel in this, that rebel is always understood in a bad sense, or one who unjustly opposes the constituted authorities; insurgent may be one who justly opposes the tyranny of constituted authorities. The colonists who opposed the tyranny of the English government were insurgents, not rebels.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
Overflowing insurgences are always there and they happen all the time.
In 2012, during the race for the presidency, the pretense of dialogue and the rehearsed simulation ran smoothly until the insurgence (3) of a new generation emerged against the authoritarianism of the political system and of the hidden powers.
I call the insurgence a "generation" and not a "youth" movement because generations give birth to something intimate and original, whereas youth is a mere temporal coincidence.
The organizations that struggled to impose their agendas, intentionally or unwittingly, helped to contain the effervescence of the insurgence.
Allowing the contradiction and making place for it lets the insurgence incorporate apparently incompatible positions and thus enacts a politics of ambiguity.
Even though ambiguity entails the cohabitation of contradictory positions, it does not mean that any position or any struggle has a place within the insurgence. The political process cannot include options that imply or pursue the containment or elimination of other options.