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A rising or rebellion of citizens against their government, usually manifested by acts of violence.

Under federal law, it is a crime to incite, assist, or engage in such conduct against the United States.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

INSURRECTION. A rebellion of citizens or subjects of a country against its government.
     2. The Constitution of the United States, art. 1, s. 8. gives power to congress " to provide for calling forth the militia to execute the laws of the Union, suppress insurrections, and repel invasions."
     3. By the act of Congress of the 28th of February, 1795, 1 Story's L. U. S. 389, it is provided: Sec. 1. That whenever the United States shall be invaded, or be in imminent danger of invasion, from any foreign nation or Indian tribe, it shall be lawful for the president of the United States to call forth such number, of the militia of the state, or states, most convenient to the place of danger, or scene of action, as he may judge necessary to repel such invasion, and to issue his orders, for that purpose, to such officer or officers of the militia as be shall think proper. And in case of an insurrection in any state, against the government thereof, it shall be lawful for the president of the United States, on application of the legislature of such state, or of the executive, (when the legislature cannot be convened,) to call forth such number of the militia of any other state or states, as may be applied for, as he may judge sufficient to suppress such insurrection.
     4.-2 That, whenever the laws of the United States shall be opposed, or the execution thereof obstructed, in any state, by combinations too powerful to be suppressed by the ordinary course of judicial proceedings, or by the powers vested in the marshals by this act, it shall be lawful for the president of the United States to call forth the militia of such state, or of any other state or states, as may be necessary to suppress such combinations, and to cause the laws to be duly executed; and the use of militia so to be called forth may be continued, if necessary, until the expiration of thirty days after the commencement of the then next session of congress.
     5.-3. That whenever it may be necessary, in the judgment of the president, to use the military force hereby directed to be called forth, the president shall forthwith, by proclamation, command such insurgents to disperse, and retire peaceably to their respective abodes, within a limited time.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
And of course anarchists are still tarred with this brush--of terrorists, bombers and killers--long after insurrectionists have ceased to be a significant force.
Frustrated by exile, and largely inactive in other struggles, the insurrectionists found an outlet for their energies in sectarianism.
Spontaneous reactions of people clearly contrasted there with the position of the Prussian government which treated the insurrectionists with a great distance--almost suspicion.
The wars to get rid of colonialism ended with slavery to the rifles of the insurrectionists, and the wars to get rid of the tyrants under foreign flags only produced an Iraq governed by explosions and bloodshed under a faltering state.
Swain describes the "warriors" as "insurgents," "occupiers," "participants," "resisters," "'rebels," "insurrectionists" and "'idealists." His various characterizations underlie the problem of what to call the incident at Oka.
RAF bombing and assistance on the ground from UK Special Forces, turned a rag-tag bunch of insurrectionists into the movement which toppled the Tyrant of Tripoli.
Yet a contrast of the 2011 uprising with the 1952 Revolution is not only instructive but even vital, not just for the victorious insurrectionists in Tunis and Cairo, but across the Arab world.
His initial conspiracies are against some young "carbonari" or republican insurrectionists and against notary Rebaudengo (for whom he works in Turin and from whom he learned the art of forgery) on the request of cavalier Bianco, a man of the Sabaudian secret services.
His faction of insurrectionists either killed the monks themselves or government forces did while trying to rescue them.
After several days of peaceful demonstrations, Mubarak unleashed his thugs to attempt to browbeat the insurrectionists into giving up.
Friedman's article 'Reform: Greek gift or Trojan horse?' published in 1987, was written at a time when significant sections of the anti-apartheid movement in both the liberal and radical camps were either suspicious of the possibility of reform (let's call these the doubters) or dead set against it (let's call these the insurrectionists).