It has a total of 30 items, 10 items each for internality
, externality (others), and externality (luck).
Combining the dimensions of the previously noted researchers produces the four dimensions of this study: internality
(internal/external), stability (stable/unstable), globality (global/specific), and controllability (controllable/uncontrollable).
2007), for example, documented the association between NSSI and self-criticism, a cognitive characteristic related to the internality
dimension of pessimistic explanatory style.
The ideology of 'civil war' and the privileging of internality
have attained particular salience in the post-cold war period.
Similarly, employees with high internality
showed more initiative in the workplace and their work behavior was not confined by their job responsibilities (O'Brien, 1981).
We used the 24-item Internality
, Powerful Others, and Chance Scale (Levenson, 1981) to measure internal locus of control.
Thus, older adults may maintain a sense of internality
and external control (such as God).
The Framers, anticipating the disastrous external cost to the nation of Socrates' uncompromising pursuit of internality
, fairly taunted the people of America not only to reject the Constitution, but to "recall all the powers they have heretofore parted with and to divide themselves into as many States as there are counties, in order that they may be able to manage their own concerns in person.
Locus of control orientation has been found to change with age: internality
tends to begin between ages 8 and 14, increase until middle age and decrease thereafter (Schultz and Schultz 2004).
supplies a reason why an actor must give up options whenever she benefits from a regulatory regime, it could be very broad indeed (and suspiciously paternalistic).
or represent so-called final and intangible internality
On the one hand, caring involves a set of emotional dispositions, of roughly the sort identified by Agnieszka Jaworska in her "Caring and Internality
," Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 74(3) (2007), pp.