Inventory

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Inventory

An itemized list of property that contains a description of each specific article.

Inventory of a company, for example, is the annual account of stock taken in the business, or the quantity of goods or materials in stock. The term is also used to describe a list made by the executor or administrator of the estate of a deceased individual.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

INVENTORY. A list, schedule, or enumeration in writing, containing, article by article, the goods and chattels, rights and credits, and, in some cases, the lands and tenements, of a person or persons. In its most common acceptation, an inventory is a conservatory act, which is made to ascertain the situation of an intestate's estate, the estate of an insolvent, and the like, for the purpose of securing it to those entitled to it.
     2. When the inventory is made of goods and estates assigned or conveyed in trust, it must include all the property conveyed.
     3. In case of intestate estates, it is required to contain only the personal property, or that to which the administrator is entitled. The claims due to the estate ought to be separated; those which are desperate or had ought to be so returned. The articles ought to be set down separately, as already mentioned, and separately valued.
     4. The inventory is to be made in the presence of at least two of the creditors of the deceased, or legatees or next of kin, and, in their default and absence, of two honest persons. The appraisers must sign it, and make oath or affirmation that the appraisement is just to the best of their knowledge. Vide, generally, 14 Vin. Ab. 465; Bac. Ab. Executors, &c., E 11; 4 Com. Dig. 14; Ayliffe's Pand. 414; Ayliffe's Parerg. 305; Com. Dig. Administration, B 7; 3 Burr. 1922; 2 Addams' Rep. 319; S. C. 2 Eccles. R. 322; Lovel. on Wills; 38; 2 Bl. Com. 514; 8 Serg. & Rawle, 128; Godolph. 150, and the article Benefit of Inventory.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
Thor Power Tool In this case, a manufacturer of handheld power tools, parts, accessories, and other products used die LCM method of valuing inventories for both financial accounting and federal income tax purposes.
Simchi-Levi (2008) argues that the absolute fuel price will influence the location of production and distribution facilities, and thus the location of inventories. Higher fuel costs will result in the restructuring of supply chains as firms move production closer to demand and build distribution centers closer to customers in order to lower transportation costs.
It sounds like a tautology, but all companies that care about inventory carry significant inventories in relation to their size.
The study concludes that, in the crucial areas of forecasting materials requirements, classification and codification, standardization and establishment of operating norms of inventories, a large ground still remains to be explored, in most of the organizations.
"We know we will be up in inventories throughout the third quarter, and we're deficient in a lot of categories, which impacts sales negatively," said Keith Plowman, Bon-Ton's executive vice president, chief financial officer and principal accounting officer, during the company's second-quarter earnings call.
In particular, the injection of cash into commodities by passive investors such as pension funds has created a rich financial incentive to accumulate inventories. Participants in physical energy markets (both oil and natural gas) have responded by putting away almost record amounts and building new storage facilities.
Worldwide, component distribution inventories are near their midpoint.
Although there has been some push to drive nickel prices down to below $30,000 per metric ton, the nickel market, through the LME, is expressing greater concern about minimal inventories on hand.
The LIFO accounting method for inventories was first permitted in the Revenue Act of 1938 and was quickly extended to all taxpayers in the Internal Revenue Code of 1939.
Typically current assets include cash on hand, accounts receivable and inventories. A marketing manager might have substantial influence on the terms of repayment (impacting accounts receivable) and the rate at which inventory is turned.
After a lengthy analysis of the history and application of the retail method, the IRS ruled that the method will correctly compute inventories at retail lower-of-cost-or-market (LCM), only if the merchant uses contemporaneous retail prices when computing the cost complement and ending inventories (at retail).
Inventories Curbing Growth This Year but Increasing It Next Year