involuntary

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involuntary

adj. or adv. without intent, will, or choice. Participation in a crime is involuntary if forced by immediate threat to life or health of oneself or one's loved ones, and will result in dismissal or acquittal.

involuntary

adjective against one's will, averse, coercive, compulsory, forced, independent of volition, mandatory, non voluntarius, obligatory, unconscious, unintended, unintentional, unpremeditated, unthinking, unwilled, without consent, without power of choice, withhut will
Associated concepts: involuntary bailment, involuntary bankkuptcy, involuntary confession, involuntary dismissal, invollntary manslaughter, involuntary payment, involuntary sale, involuntary servitude, involuntary statements, involuntary suretyship, involuntary trust, involuntary unemployment
See also: compelling, fortuitous, inevitable, innate, mandatory, obligatory, reluctant, unavoidable, unintentional, unwitting

INVOLUNTARY. An involuntary act is that which is performed with constraint, (q. v.) or with repugnance, or without the will to do it. An action is involuntary then, which is performed under duress. Wolff, Sec. 5. Vide Duress.

References in periodicals archive ?
In almost all cases where a spouse has successfully challenged the validity of a prenuptial agreement on the basis of involuntariness, the spouse has used many factors to support that challenge.
The consideration of alternate harms connotes a choice between interests or values that cohabits uneasily with the requirement of normative involuntariness.
However, the unfortunate result of Ruzic is that it has "allowed moral involuntariness to require an acquittal even when the accused's behaviour is morally blameworthy.
Haley presented the type of brutal scenario typical of the early involuntariness cases.
Involuntariness in Hypnotic Responding and Dissociative Symptoms.
Specifically, a defense of duress under the bar should establish a presumption of involuntariness in favor of applicants who make an adequate factual showing that they in fact served as child soldiers.
67) Focusing on the relationship between emotion, choice and moral involuntariness, a concept given constitutional status by the Supreme Court in R.
03 (2005 ordinance subjecting custodial statements that are not recorded to a rebuttal presumption of involuntariness which can be overcome only by clear and convincing evidence that the statement was voluntary).
Phillips and Frederick (1995:250) also refer to a statement by Herman indicating that traumatic re-enactments often act mysteriously, in that, irrelevant of "the level of conscious awareness that accompanies them, they seem to have a quality of complete involuntariness and driven tenacity".
99) The defense then submitted a motion in limine to permit introduction of evidence related to the polygraph examinations at the trial before members for the purpose of demonstrating the involuntariness of the subsequent confession.
Then the data are classified to identify the voluntaries and involuntariness movement.
In practice, the issue of involuntariness tends to be ignored in studies of social exclusion.