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adj. or adv. without intent, will, or choice. Participation in a crime is involuntary if forced by immediate threat to life or health of oneself or one's loved ones, and will result in dismissal or acquittal.

Copyright © 1981-2005 by Gerald N. Hill and Kathleen T. Hill. All Right reserved.

INVOLUNTARY. An involuntary act is that which is performed with constraint, (q. v.) or with repugnance, or without the will to do it. An action is involuntary then, which is performed under duress. Wolff, Sec. 5. Vide Duress.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
Prior to 2005, most courts had ruled that a dispute as to a portion of a creditor's claim did not give rise to a "bona fide dispute" that disqualified the creditor from seeking involuntary bankruptcy relief, This rule was based on Congress' stated intent that the purpose of Section 303(b)(1)'s limitation was "to prevent creditors from using involuntary bankruptcy as a club to coerce a debtor to pay debts as to which the debtor, in good faith, had legitimate defenses."
(11) Example 2 illustrates an involuntary conversion of a principal residence owned by two unmarried individuals.
"It is a double atrocity for a victim to be involuntarily disappeared and his case, while pending solution, is delisted," stressed Lagman, honorary chairman of the Families of Victims of Involuntary Disappearance (FIND).
The working group consists of five members that serve as experts "in their individual capacities, to examine questions relevant to enforced or involuntary disappearances of persons.
David Stroud, 43, pleaded guilty to involuntary manslaughter in May, and was sentenced to 5 years in prison in exchange for giving truthful testimony should the case against Jennifer Stroud go to trial.
Notwithstanding the claim of being largest democracy in the world and an aspirant for the permanent seat in the UN Security Council, the Indian state has never allowed International human rights bodies including UN Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances (UNWGEID) to conduct the fact finding and to monitor situation of human rights including enforced disappearances in Jammu and Kashmir.
We examined whether cathodal tDCS to SMA could inhibit rapid involuntary movements with cyclic patterns in an 8-year-old boy with hyperkinetic disorder.
We could not find any study which looked at adjustment in patients with involuntary movement disorders, particularly with a mental illness and psychotropic medication usage background.
Involuntary commitment for patients with mental health concerns is a well-established practice in many states across the country, but using similar laws to force people with addiction disorders--who are outside the criminal court system--into substance use treatment is a much newer concept.
I've spent the last few years talking with a wide variety of patients and professionals about their views on psychiatry and on involuntary care in particular.
(7,17) By its nature, involuntary commitment eliminates patients' involvement in a major treatment decision, (8) disempowers them, (18) and influences their relationship with the treatment team.