involuntary

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involuntary

adj. or adv. without intent, will, or choice. Participation in a crime is involuntary if forced by immediate threat to life or health of oneself or one's loved ones, and will result in dismissal or acquittal.

involuntary

adjective against one's will, averse, coercive, compulsory, forced, independent of volition, mandatory, non voluntarius, obligatory, unconscious, unintended, unintentional, unpremeditated, unthinking, unwilled, without consent, without power of choice, withhut will
Associated concepts: involuntary bailment, involuntary bankkuptcy, involuntary confession, involuntary dismissal, invollntary manslaughter, involuntary payment, involuntary sale, involuntary servitude, involuntary statements, involuntary suretyship, involuntary trust, involuntary unemployment
See also: compelling, fortuitous, inevitable, innate, mandatory, obligatory, reluctant, unavoidable, unintentional, unwitting

INVOLUNTARY. An involuntary act is that which is performed with constraint, (q. v.) or with repugnance, or without the will to do it. An action is involuntary then, which is performed under duress. Wolff, Sec. 5. Vide Duress.

References in periodicals archive ?
Spitz is a seminal and scholarly work organized into several major chapters: "Facilitated Communications"; "Involuntary Muscle Movements, Clever Hans, and Lady"; "Clever Hans and Facilitated Communication"; "Involuntary Muscle Movements in Other Phenomena"; "Scientific Studies of Involuntary Muscle Movements"; "Additional Psychological Mechanisms Relevant for Understanding Facilitator Behavior"; and "Confirming False Beliefs".
The first time I saw one of these attacks, I thought he was dying: his heart rate quicly rising, the oxygen in his blood decreasing, involuntary muscle contractions.
Dystonia is a neurological disorder characterized by sustained involuntary muscle contraction.
With his wild eyes and involuntary muscle spasms, Frechette looks every inch the haunted murderer, something right out of Dostoevsky.
Verona has dystonia, a neurological condition affecting the central nervous system, characterised by involuntary muscle spasms.
Neighbors said he suffers from mild Tourette's syndrome, a neurological problem characterized by involuntary muscle movements and often obscene verbal tics.
The anti-wrinkle treatment enabled children to perform everyday tasks without struggling against involuntary muscle movements.
She needed extensive two-person assistance because of tremors with involuntary muscle movements and general motor weakness.
Botox has been making a lot of headlines for its use in cosmetic procedures to reduce frown lines and crow's-feet, but, since 2000, it has been approved by the Food and Drug Administration as a treatment for patients with cervical dystonia, a neurological movement disorder characterized by involuntary muscle contractions that force the head and neck into abnormal and sometimes painful positions.
Birds that contract avian botulism lose involuntary muscle control, including eyelid function, have clenched feet, and can't hold up their heads.
Dystonia causes involuntary muscle spasms which can be extremely painful and cause abnormal movements and postures.
has received United States Food and Drug Administration approval of BOTOX (Botulinum Toxin Type A) Purified Neurotoxin Complex for the treatment of adults with cervical dystonia, a neurological movement disorder characterized by involuntary muscle contractions that force the head and neck into abnormal and sometimes painful positions.

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