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adj. or adv. without intent, will, or choice. Participation in a crime is involuntary if forced by immediate threat to life or health of oneself or one's loved ones, and will result in dismissal or acquittal.

Copyright © 1981-2005 by Gerald N. Hill and Kathleen T. Hill. All Right reserved.

INVOLUNTARY. An involuntary act is that which is performed with constraint, (q. v.) or with repugnance, or without the will to do it. An action is involuntary then, which is performed under duress. Wolff, Sec. 5. Vide Duress.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
Noisy environments in which involuntary muscle activations occur might lead to undesired selections when employing an EMG system to perform clicks.
Sisters Sue Waugh and Sandra Goodenough both have dystonia, a neurological disorder that causes involuntary muscle spasms.
licensing rights to Xenazine, a drug that treats chorea, a disorder associated with Huntington's disease that causes involuntary muscle movement.
"Dystonia is a neurological condition characterised by involuntary muscle movements.
Spitz is a seminal and scholarly work organized into several major chapters: "Facilitated Communications"; "Involuntary Muscle Movements, Clever Hans, and Lady"; "Clever Hans and Facilitated Communication"; "Involuntary Muscle Movements in Other Phenomena"; "Scientific Studies of Involuntary Muscle Movements"; "Additional Psychological Mechanisms Relevant for Understanding Facilitator Behavior"; and "Confirming False Beliefs".
The first time I saw one of these attacks, I thought he was dying: his heart rate quicly rising, the oxygen in his blood decreasing, involuntary muscle contractions.
Dystonia is a neurological disorder characterized by sustained involuntary muscle contraction.
With his wild eyes and involuntary muscle spasms, Frechette looks every inch the haunted murderer, something right out of Dostoevsky.
The heart is an involuntary muscle. This means that it will beat without your having to think about it.
Neighbors said he suffers from mild Tourette's syndrome, a neurological problem characterized by involuntary muscle movements and often obscene verbal tics.
She needed extensive two-person assistance because of tremors with involuntary muscle movements and general motor weakness." Beginning her journey to mobility on parallel bars, Evans gradually transitioned to a walker.

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