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Danger; hazard; peril. In a criminal action, the danger of conviction and punishment confronting the defendant.

A person is in jeopardy when he or she is placed on trial before a court of competent jurisdiction upon an indictment or information sufficient in form and substance to uphold a conviction, and a jury is charged or sworn. Jeopardy attaches after a valid indictment is found and a petit jury is sworn to try the case.


Double Jeopardy.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


n. peril, particularly danger of being charged with or convicted of a particular crime. The U. S. Constitution guarantees in the Fifth Amendment that no one can "be put in jeopardy of life or limb" for the same offense. Thus, once a person as been acquitted, he/she may not be charged again for that crime. However, if there was mistrial, hung jury, or reversal of conviction on appeal (if not declared innocent in the ruling), the defendant may be charged with the crime again and tried again. In a few situations a defendant is not "in jeopardy" of being tried for a violation of a similar (but different) federal criminal (penal) statute based on some of the same circumstances as a state prosecution, such as violation of a murder victim's civil rights, as was done in the case against the killer of civil rights leader Medgar Evers. (See: double jeopardy)

Copyright © 1981-2005 by Gerald N. Hill and Kathleen T. Hill. All Right reserved.


Collins Dictionary of Law © W.J. Stewart, 2006

JEOPARDY. Peril, danger. 2. This is the meaning attached to this word used in the act establishing and regulating the post office department. The words of the act are, "or if, in effecting such robbery of the mail the first time, the offender shall wound the person having the custody thereof, or put his life in jeopardy by the use of dangerous weapons, such offender shall suffer death." 3 Story's L. U. S. 1992. Vide Baldw. R. 93-95.
     3. The constitution declares that no person shall "for the same offence, be twice put in jeopardy of life and limb." The meaning of this is, that the party shall, not be tried a second time for the same offence after he has once been convicted or acquitted of the offence charged, by the verdict of a jury, and judgment has passed thereon for or against him; but it does not mean that he shall not be tried for the offence, if the jury have been discharged from necessity or by consent, without giving any verdict; or, if having given a verdict, judgment has been arrested upon it, or a new trial has been granted in his favor; for, in such a case, his life and limb cannot judicially be said to have been put in jeopardy. 4 Wash. C. C. R. 410; 9 Wheat. R. 579; 6 Serg. & Rawle, 577; 3. Rawle, R. 498; 3 Story on the Const. Sec. 1781. Vide 2 Sumn. R. 19. This great privilege is secured by the common law. Hawk. P. C., B. 2, 35; 4 Bl. Com. 335.
     4. This was the Roman law, from which it has been probably engrafted upon the common law. Vide Merl. Rep. art. Non bis in idem. Qui de crimine publico accusationem deductus est, says the Code, 9, 2, 9, ab alio super eodem crimine deferri non potest. Vide article Non bis in idem.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
The remedies available to a taxpayer against whom the IRS has made a jeopardy or termination assessment are generally the same as those available to a normal taxpayer.
2 spot for most consecutive wins behind all-time "Jeopardy!'' champ Ken Jennings.
Sarason & Banbury (2004) argue that using such games as Millionaire or Jeopardy in the classroom is one of the few instances in the modern college classroom experience in which students are immediately penalized for wrong answers, forcing them to think before "haphazardly throwing out an answer." Similarly, Brokaw & Mertz (2004) suggest that such games can be played the first day of class, making them useful "attention getters" and productively using what is potentially an otherwise-limited class period.
As a result of their efforts, the double jeopardy laws do not apply in certain, very special cases, where new forensic evidence emerges, indicating a defendant's guilt, despite an earlier acquittal.
While the event is not open to the public, Jeopardy! publicist, Susie Eun, wrote to me personally, kindly inviting me to the audition.
While that's a far cry from the 4.6/10 that "Wheel," "Jeopardy" and "Dr.
(21) The defendant moved to dismiss the capital and first-degree murder charges under double jeopardy, citing the forewoman's report that the jurors had voted unanimously against guilt on these offenses.
Trebek began hosting the daily syndicated version of "Jeopardy!" in 1984.
He became a celebrity winning 32 consecutive 'Jeopardy!' games and raking in more than $2.4 million (about P123 million) before he lost in early June.
Jeopardy champion James Holzhauer was beaten by a university librarian from Chicago, Emma Boettcher.
A Mohave County Superior Court judge granted the state's motion to retry Martin for first-degree murder over his double jeopardy objection that he should only be tried on a charge of second-degree murder.
Critique: Another deftly crafted and original mystery by a true master of the genre, "Triple Jeopardy" by Anne Perry is ideal reading for all dedicated mystery buffs and certain to be an immediate and enduringly popular addition to community library Mystery/Suspense collections.