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United; coupled together in interest; shared between two or more persons; not solitary in interest or action but acting together or in unison. A combined, undivided effort or undertaking involving two or more individuals. Produced by or involving the concurring action of two or more; united in or possessing a common relation, action, or interest. To share common rights, duties, and liabilities.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


adj., adv. referring to property, rights or obligations which are united, undivided and shared by two or more persons or entities. Thus, a joint property held by both cannot be effectively transferred unless all owners join in the transaction. If a creditor sues to collect a joint debt, he/she must include all the debtors in the lawsuit, unless the debt is specifically "joint and several," meaning anyone of the debtors may be individually liable. Therefore, care must be taken in drafting deeds, sales agreements, promissory notes, joint venture agreements, and other documents. A joint tenancy is treated specially, since it includes the right of the survivor to get the entire property when the other dies (right of survivorship). (See: joint tenancy, joint and several, joint venture, tenancy in common)

Copyright © 1981-2005 by Gerald N. Hill and Kathleen T. Hill. All Right reserved.

JOINT. United, not separate; as, joint action, or one which is brought by several persons acting together; joint bond, a bond given by two or more obligors.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
Any CMC joint contractures need to be released if present as well.
PIP joint arthrodesis in a functional position should be considered in severe fixed joint contractures that fail all attempts at release.
Juvenile Hyaline Fibromatosis (JHF) is a rare inherited autosomal recessive disorder1 which is caused by mutation of gene CMG2 (Capillary morphogenesis protein 2) gene on chromosome 4q21.2 Mutation of this gene protein disrupts the formation of basement membranes, subsequently hyalinization of various body tissues like skin, joints, and bones and leads to development of skin papules, gingival hyperplasia, osteolytic lesions in bones, and joint contractures. We report here a case of JHF who presented with rectal bleeding due to a mucocutaneous tissue in anal canal which made this report distinct from the others already reported in literature.
More recently, Ilizarov bone transport has been used with good success, as it simultaneously addresses issues of shortening, angular deformity, as well as soft tissue loss and joint contractures. (5-7)
Joint contractures showed the greatest discrepancy between left and right extremity.
They can continue working to prevent joint contractures, assist in the breakdown of scar tissue, and promote health and wellbeing.
Keywords: complications, deep venous thrombosis, fundamentals of care, joint contractures, nursing-sensitive outcomes, pneumonia, pressure ulcers, quality of healthcare, rehabilitation, traumatic brain injury, urinary tract infection
They are characterized by muscle hypotonia from the birth or early infancy, disturbed physical development, static or progressive muscle weakness, joint contractures, and dystrophic changes in histological examination of muscles.
Although severe multidirective preoperative hip joint contractures were not found clearly on medical examination, our patient's preoperative abduction was decreased, suggesting the reduction of gluteus medius extensibility.
The complications include feeding difficulties, joint contractures, spinal deformities, respiratory compromise, and cardiac involvement.
The association of congenital joint contractures and OI-3 was initially documented in five children from families of different linguistic groups in the black population of southern Africa (Tswana, Pedi and Shona) by Viljoen et al.

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