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United; coupled together in interest; shared between two or more persons; not solitary in interest or action but acting together or in unison. A combined, undivided effort or undertaking involving two or more individuals. Produced by or involving the concurring action of two or more; united in or possessing a common relation, action, or interest. To share common rights, duties, and liabilities.


adj., adv. referring to property, rights or obligations which are united, undivided and shared by two or more persons or entities. Thus, a joint property held by both cannot be effectively transferred unless all owners join in the transaction. If a creditor sues to collect a joint debt, he/she must include all the debtors in the lawsuit, unless the debt is specifically "joint and several," meaning anyone of the debtors may be individually liable. Therefore, care must be taken in drafting deeds, sales agreements, promissory notes, joint venture agreements, and other documents. A joint tenancy is treated specially, since it includes the right of the survivor to get the entire property when the other dies (right of survivorship). (See: joint tenancy, joint and several, joint venture, tenancy in common)


adjective allied, amalgamated, associated, coalitional, collaborative, collective, combined, common, communal, communis, community, concerted, concurrent, confederate, conjoint, conjugate, conjunct, consolidated, cooperative, coordinated, corporate, correal, harmonious, inseparable, joined, leagued, merged, mixed, mutual, shared, synergetic, unified, united
Associated concepts: joint account, joint action, joint advennure, joint and several liability, joint enterprise, joint interrst, joint liability, joint negligence, joint ownership, joint resolution, joint tenancy, joint tort feasors
See also: collective, common, concerted, concomitant, concordant, concurrent, conjoint, connection, consensual, federal, intersection, mutual, united

JOINT. United, not separate; as, joint action, or one which is brought by several persons acting together; joint bond, a bond given by two or more obligors.

References in periodicals archive ?
Any CMC joint contractures need to be released if present as well.
Mutation of this gene protein disrupt the formation of basement membranes, allowing the hyaline substance to leak through and build up in various body tissues like skin, joints, and bones leads to development of skin pappules, gingival hyperplasia, osteolytic lesions in bones, and joint contractures.
Repeated attempts by fibers to regenerate stimulate other tissue repair processes, like fibrosis, which change the muscle-supporting structures and contribute to the formation of joint contractures.
PIP joint arthrodesis in a functional position should be considered in severe fixed joint contractures that fail all attempts at release.
One achieved union, however experienced persistent wound drainage and significant joint contractures, which led to a poor functional outcome.
The combination of proximal joint contractures and a striking hyperlaxity of the distal joints is characteristic.
Bruck syndrome: Congenital joint contractures with bone fragility.
Case reports were aggregated into four mutually exclusive defect categories: 1) brain abnormalities or microcephaly (defined as head circumference at delivery <3rd percentile for sex and gestational age); 2) NTDs and other early brain malformations (these are included as biologically plausible but have been reported much less frequently with Zika virus infection than those in category 1); 3) eye abnormalities (without mention of a brain abnormality in categories 1 or 2); and 4) other consequences of CNS dysfunction, specifically joint contractures and congenital sensorineural deafness, without mention of brain or eye abnormalities included in any other category.
Due to this undue delay patient had developed preventable complications like joint contractures muscle wasting and ultimately length of hospital stay was almost double as compared to international standards11.
It is characterized by papular and nodular skin lesions, gingival hyperplasia, joint contractures and bone involvement in variable degrees 1.
Are Joint Contractures in Patients with Alzheimer's Disease Preventable?
1,2) It typically presents at birth or within the first few months of life with reduced spontaneous movements secondary to severe pain and progressive joint contractures.

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