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United; coupled together in interest; shared between two or more persons; not solitary in interest or action but acting together or in unison. A combined, undivided effort or undertaking involving two or more individuals. Produced by or involving the concurring action of two or more; united in or possessing a common relation, action, or interest. To share common rights, duties, and liabilities.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


adj., adv. referring to property, rights or obligations which are united, undivided and shared by two or more persons or entities. Thus, a joint property held by both cannot be effectively transferred unless all owners join in the transaction. If a creditor sues to collect a joint debt, he/she must include all the debtors in the lawsuit, unless the debt is specifically "joint and several," meaning anyone of the debtors may be individually liable. Therefore, care must be taken in drafting deeds, sales agreements, promissory notes, joint venture agreements, and other documents. A joint tenancy is treated specially, since it includes the right of the survivor to get the entire property when the other dies (right of survivorship). (See: joint tenancy, joint and several, joint venture, tenancy in common)

Copyright © 1981-2005 by Gerald N. Hill and Kathleen T. Hill. All Right reserved.

JOINT. United, not separate; as, joint action, or one which is brought by several persons acting together; joint bond, a bond given by two or more obligors.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
Clinical applicability of an educational-behavioural joint protection programme for people with rheumatoid arthritis.
Joint protection Yogurt containing certain types of live bacteria could be a treatment for or preventive measure against arthritis, a study suggested (166: 100).
Joint protection: learn ways to ease joint pain and to reduce stress on her joints.
Also, recognize the need for joint protection strategies on the involved side.
A technique developed by Richard Wyke to fuse polyethylene (PE) and polypropylene (PP) coatings together has led to the development of the Fusion-Weld[TM] Joint Protection System by The Tapecoat Company.
"We try to give them information from a medical point of view - joint protection, exercise programs and how the class can affect someone from a positive standpoint."
Joint protection refers to the careful use of joints in ways that will not add to the stress and damage the joints may have because of disease.
"The government has adopted a decision today on joint air policing, joint protection of our airspace with the U.S.
Although the European League Against Rheumatism already recommends combining splinting and exercise, a comparative study reinforces that by demonstrating that when splinting and an exercise regimen are added to a joint protection program, they yield a superiorly improved pain, stiffness, grip force, and daily activities when compared to the joint protection program only.
In order to avoid possible border incidents, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan decided on joint protection of the Tamdyk-Bedak segment of the state border, according to a meeting between delegations of border agencies of the two countries in Isfara.
The little-known marine haven is under the joint protection and maintenance of the city government and resident fishermen and their families collectively known as Samahan ng Mangingisda ng Puro-Sinalikway (Samapusi) from the two sitios of Barangay Nursery, according to Chandyllane Cantre, an assistant for the city's ecotourism enterprise development arm.

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