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Relating to the courts or belonging to the office of a judge; a term pertaining to the administration of justice, the courts, or a judge, as in judicial power.

A judicial act involves an exercise of discretion or an unbiased decision by a court or judge, as opposed to a ministerial, clerical, or routine procedure. A judicial act affects the rights of the parties or property brought before the court. It is the interpretation and application of the law to a particular set of facts contested by litigants in a court of law, resulting from discretion and based upon an evaluation of the evidence presented at a hearing.

Judicial connotes the power to punish, sentence, and resolve conflicts.


adj., adv. 1) referring to a judge, court or the court system. 2) fair.


adjective considerate, disinterested, fair, impartial, judgmatic, judicative, judicious, juridical, juristic, juristical, just, knowing, politic, prudent, prudential, rational, reasonable, reasoned, sagacious, sage, sapient, sensible, thoughtful, unbiased, unbigoted, uninfluenced, unprejudiced, unswayed, wise
Associated concepts: critical state in a judicial proceeding, judicial act, judicial business, judicial circuit, judicial deciiion, judicial district, judicial function, judicial inquiry, judiiial notice, judicial office, judicial opinion, judicial power, judicial proceeding, judicial review, judicial separation, judicial sequestration, judicial tribunal
Foreign phrases: Officia judicialia non concedantur anteeuam vacent.Judicial offices are not to be granted or appointed before they become vacant.
See also: forensic, jural, juridical, licit, objective, open-minded, politic, unprejudiced

JUDICIAL. Belonging, or emanating from a judge, as such.
     2. Judicial sales, are such as are ordered by virtue of the process of courts. 1 Supp. to Ves. jr., 129, 160; 2 Ves. jr., 50.
     3. A judicial writ is one issued in the progress of the cause, in contradistinction to an original writ. 3 Bl. Com. 282.
     4. Judicial decisions, are the opinions or determinations of the judges in causes before them. Hale, H. C. L. 68; Willes' R. 666; 3 Barn. & Ald. 122 4 Barn. & Adolph. 207 1 H. B1. 63; 5 M. & S. 185.
     5. Judicial power, the authority vested in the judges. The constitution of the United States declares, that "the judicial power of the United States shall be vested in one supreme court, and in such inferior courts as the congress may, from time to time, ordain and establish." Art. 3, s. 1. 6. By the constitutions of the several states, the judicial power is vested in such courts as are enumerated in each respectively. See the names Of, the several states. There is nothing in the constitution of the United States to forbid or prevent the legislature of a state from exercising judicial functions; 2 Pet. R. 413; and judicial acts have occasionally been performed by the legislatures. 2 Root, R. 350; 3 Greenl. R. 334; 3 Dall. R. 386; 2 Pet. R. 660; 16 Mass. R. 328; Walk. R. 258; 1 New H. Rep. 199; 10 Yerg. R. 59; 4 Greenl. R. 140; 2 Chip., R. 77; 1 Aik. R. 314. But a state legislature cannot annul the judgments, nor determine the jurisdiction of the courts of the United States; 5 Cranch, It. 116; 2 Dall. R. 410; nor authoritatively declare what the law is, or has been, but what it shall be. 2 Cranch, R. 272; 4 Pick. R. 23. Vide Ayl. Parerg. 27; 3 M. R. 248; 4 M. R. 451; 9 M. R. 325; 6 M. R. 668; 12 M. R. 349; 3 N. S. 551; 5 N. S. 519; 1 L. R. 438 7 M. R. 325; 9 M. R. 204; 10 M. R. 1.

WRITS, JUDICIAL, practice. In England those writs which issue from the common law courts during the progress of a suit, are described as judicial writs, by way of distinction from the original one obtained from chancery. 3 Bl. Com. 282.

References in periodicals archive ?
As Greenawalt applies these principles, certain government defenses to establishment claims prove judicially unworkable (at least anecdotally)--either because they would make a rule more difficult to administer or because they are based on values that themselves do not easily translate into a judicially administrable standard.
27) These decisions reflect that the appellate courts were deciding whether to judicially notice an adjudicative fact on a case-by-case, issue-by-issue basis, yielding little direction for appellate parties as a result.
Proponents of more integrated financial services had chipped away at those laws, both legislatively and judicially, and by the 1990s, they were making headway in the courts.
Mr Barker said 'It's our intention to have the decision to prosecute him reviewed judicially in the High Court.
Mr Barker told BBC Radio Five Live: "It's our intention to have the decision to prosecute him reviewed judicially in the High Court.
Mr Barker said: 'It's our intention to have the decision to prosecute him reviewed judicially in the High Court.
These DLI men were judicially murdered, their deaths sanctioned by the Church that tonight will preach peace on Earth and goodwill to all men.
In an earlier, more judicially sensible time, the justices would have refused to hear the case.
Other countries, notably South Africa, have made such rights judicially enforceable, but the courts have been careful to intervene only in extreme cases.
In judicially liberal California, consultant David De Paolo of WorkComp Central estimates, 95 percent of workers seeking permanent disability settlements will get them.
The agency's un-codified first rent rule was judicially endorsed by the Appellate Division, First Department in the 1995 case of 300 West 49th Street Assocs.
Notice 2003-60 addresses collection issues raised by the Court's ruling, including enforcing collection administratively and judicially, valuing the IRS's secured claim in bankruptcy, applications for discharge and subordination and evaluating offers in compromise (OICs) and proposed installment agreements.