jurymen


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(108) Lord Mansfield refused, ruling that "[t]he Court cannot receive such an affidavit from any of the jurymen themselves, in all of whom such conduct is a very high misdemeanor." (109) Mansfield's decision was founded on the civil law maxim nemo turpitudinem suam allegans audietur, or "a witness shall not be heard to allege his own turpitude." (110) Because it was illegal for jurors to resolve their disagreement by a game of chance, their affidavits amounted to confessions of a crime.
Lythe found that four in five East Riding jurymen could not sign their own name in the early eighteenth century.
(39) In addition, jury instructions were often "pointed and leading, if not coercive." (40) Finally, class differences between upper-class judges and lower-middle-class jurymen meant that once instructed, juries were inclined to come to "verdicts that largely accorded with the views of the bench." (41) In sum, the degree of acoustic separation between judge and jury that exists in the modern trial was not present in the eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries.
(116) Churchwardens, vestrymen, overseers of the poor, and quarter-sessions jurymen all tended to be drawn from the smaller gentry and yeomanry in any particular parish, while husbandmen and craftsmen more commonly held the humbler posts of sidesman and constable.
The decisive influence of these men, coupled with an often expensive trial process, and the fact that JPs and grand jurymen, being broadly in line with educated opinion, were acutely aware of the evidential problems involved in adequately proving the crime of witchcraft and therefore unlikely to take witchcraft accusations lightly, kept prosecution and indictment rates relatively low in Elizabethan and early Stuart England.
The jurymen clapped their hands in vigorous appreciation, and after five minutes' deliberation found Miss Williams not guilty.
Look there, jurymen. [Shows plate to jury.] Look there.
Studying Boone County murders allows us to see a prominent slice of Boone County's inhabitants as lawyers, judges, sheriffs, constables, and jurymen, rather than as adherents to one side or the other in the War and adds another dimension to our understanding.
(147) Hargraves' later trial is reported briefly at the close of the final chapter, with the observation that a plea of insanity was rejected by a "set of matter-of-fact jurymen" even though the accused was plainly "half-witted." (148) As for the officers, the "minions of the law," who are first called to the scene are hopelessly out of their depth.
Under intense pressure from abroad the former Yugoslavia's mass murders eventually were rounded up and dispatched in double quick time to the Court of Justice in the Hague, which conveniently got their countrymen's judges and jurymen off the hook.
A bad experience with a police officer does not serve well, as jurymen should know, and casts a blemish on the other first class members of the Force.