jus civile


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Related to jus civile: jus gentium

jus civile

the civil law of the Roman state or the body of law derived from the principles of this law. See ROMAN LAW.

JUS CIVILE. Among the Romans by jus civile was understood the civil law, in contradistinction to the public law, or jus gentium. 1 Savigny, Dr. Rom. c. 1, Sec. 1.

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The old jus civile, characterized by principles rooted deep in an agricultural society based on clan organization, had constituted a law for Roman citizens exclusively.
Like the original United States with its founding Constitution, Ancient Rome began as a league of city-states on the Italian peninsula, bound together by a set of laws known as the Twelve Tables or jus civile (civil law).