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Related to jussive: Cohortative
See: decretal
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b) Of the referential moods the quotative occurs as the equivalent of the indicative, and the jussive occurs as the equivalent of the imperative.
A jussive command is usually directed from the speaker to a third person who does not participate in the dialogue (EKG II 37):
On the other hand, in Estonian the regrammaticalization of the jussive suffix -gu/-ku originated exactly from the third person of the imperative, that is, from a contexts where the speaker and the command-giver are mostly the same person and then extended to the second and first persons.
Upon choosing this path the naming of the gu-/ku-marked mood as the concessive mood or the jussive was not fully justified.
It attempts to prove that the Estonian jussive, which developed by generalizing the third person imperative form into the other persons (ma / sa / ta / me / te / nad lugegu 'I / you / he / we / you / they should read'), is actually an optative paradigm that has only some evidential implications.
Hayes has argued that the unusual spelling of some imperfects after the jussive particle l- without the prefix letter [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII], such as lf'l(n), reflects the development *li-yif'al > *lif'al > lif'al with the underlying sound change yi >i.
Enter the naive spirit-consumer in search not of ideas but immediate experience ("drunk"), toasting to jussive verbs (ought to be) and insisting on dialogue with his fellow revelers ("you see?
45) The incidence of hortatory or jussive subjunctives in Anne's poem indicates that, in spite of the Vergilian context, it may be similar to Catullus 5, where the poet exhorts his mistress to live and love with him and not to value the gossip of disapprovers highly: vivamus .
The moods include the indicative (Ind), conditional (Cnd), imperative (Imp), quotative (Quo), and jussive (Jus).
Her lengthy resort to the jussive and the optative voices in her series of curses is ultimately fruitless, as ineffectual as Venus's rhetorical devices to seduce Adonis.
There are several of these dotted throughout the film--the juxtaposition of Leisure and Permutit, which, with an orthographic wrench, generates a macaronic command--"permutet" being the jussive subjunctive of the "permutare," "to change.
In its penultimate stanza, the poem recursively picks up where it starts, answering its original question through the jussive case ("let this be said.