juvenile court


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juvenile court

n. a special court or department of a trial court which deals with under-age defendants charged with crimes or who are neglected or out of the control of their parents. The normal age of these defendants is under 18, but juvenile court does not have jurisdiction in cases in which minors are charged as adults. The procedure in juvenile court is not always adversarial (although the minor is entitled to legal representation by a lawyer). It can be an attempt to involve parents or social workers and probation officers in the process to achieve positive results and save the minor from involvement in further crimes. However, serious crimes and repeated offenses can result in sentencing juvenile offenders to prison, with transfer to state prison upon reaching adulthood with limited maximum sentences. Where parental neglect or loss of control is a problem, the juvenile court may seek out foster homes for the juvenile, treating the child as a ward of the court. (See: court)

References in periodicals archive ?
Stanley has been assigned to the juvenile court docket in Franklin County since January 2014.
In the present law, the role of the probation and reclamation department has further increased as after arrest of a juvenile the concerned probation officer has to obtain such information about the juvenile and other material circumstances which may be of assistance to the juvenile court for making inquiry.
The juvenile court's use of electronic monitoring is a prime example of an adult correctional practice adopted in the absence of critical reflection and evaluation of potential harms for minors.
Judicial Bias in Juvenile Court: A Reality Often Ignored 293
The probe agency also told the juvenile court that the juvenile's father was informed about his son's arrest.
The Juvenile Court shall have exclusive jurisdiction to try cases in which a juvenile is accused of commission of an offence.
Illinois established the first Juvenile Court in 1899 to provide protection, shelter, and discipline of children who were neglected, orphaned, impoverished, or otherwise without effective parents or guardians.
I realized that it is imperative that legal professionals, and Juvenile Court officials in particular, play an active role in the education of our youth.
But several people with knowledge of the juvenile court system say it is generally far less harsh than the criminal system that adults enter when they commit crimes.
In Wednesday's opinion, Price citing a 1995 change in the law, said that a juvenile court should "take pains to 'show its work' in coming to that certification decision.
With over twelve (12) years of proven partnership and collaboration with the Cook County Juvenile Court first through our predecessor organization, Jane Addams Juvenile Court Foundation (JAJCF), and now through our efforts - CCJC shares with both you and the County a vested interest in continuing to decrease the population at the JTDC by diverting more youth to community-based alternatives and ensuring that the complex needs of those youth who must be detained are met in a humane and developmentally appropriate way.
Magistrate Judge Harold ''Hal'' Horne charged the former TV judge with contempt of court, said Dan Michael, chief magistrate judge of the Shelby County Juvenile Court.

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