kangaroo court

Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Idioms, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

Kangaroo Court

[Slang of U.S. origin.] An unfair, biased, or hasty judicial proceeding that ends in a harsh punishment; an unauthorized trial conducted by individuals who have taken the law into their own hands, such as those put on by vigilantes or prison inmates; a proceeding and its leaders who are considered sham, corrupt, and without regard for the law.

The concept of kangaroo court dates to the early nineteenth century. Scholars trace its origin to the historical practice of itinerant judges on the U.S. frontier. These roving judges were paid on the basis of how many trials they conducted, and in some instances their salary depended on the fines from the defendants they convicted. The term kangaroo court comes from the image of these judges hopping from place to place, guided less by concern for justice than by the desire to wrap up as many trials as the day allowed.

The term is still in common usage by defendants, writers, and scholars critical of a court or a trial. The U.S. Supreme Court has also used it. In in re gault, 387 U.S. 1, 87 S. Ct. 1428, 18 L. Ed. 2d 527 (1967), a case that established that children in juvenile court have the right to due process, the Court reasoned, "Under our Constitution, the condition of being a boy does not justify a kangaroo court." Associate Justice william o. douglas once wrote, "[W]here police take matters in their own hands, seize victims, beat and pound them until they confess, there cannot be the slightest doubt that the police have deprived the victim of a right under the Constitution. It is the right of the accused to be tried by a legally constituted court, not by a kangaroo court" (Williams v. United States, 341 U.S. 97, 71 S. Ct. 576, 95 L. Ed. 774 [1951]).

kangaroo court

n. 1) a mock court set up without legal basis, such as a fraternity, sports team or army squad might set up to punish minor violations of organizational decorum. 2) slang for a court of law in which the violations of procedure, precedents, and due process are so gross that fundamental justice is denied. It usually means that the judge is incompetent or obviously biased. (See: star chamber proceedings)

kangaroo court

a travesty of a court where there maybe some of the paraphernalia or procedure of a court but the essence of a court hearing is absent, i.e. a fair hearing. See NATURAL JUSTICE, FAIR HEARING, EUROPEAN CONVENTION ON HUMAN RIGHTS.
Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
The pressure will be on Jack Doyle to get Kangaroo Court into a rhythm over the early fences, while settling him at the same time, as he can race with the choke out.
Chanderpati's current advocate, Lal Bahadur, said kangaroo courts should learn a lesson from the Manoj- Babli case verdict.
When the man visited her home on Monday with a proposal of marriage, villagers spotted him and organised a kangaroo court.
He said: "There was no pace when he took on Kangaroo Court at Cheltenham.
THE Taoiseach yesterday dismissed claims proposed reforms of Oireachtas investigations will result in a kangaroo court.
KANGAROO COURT, an impressive winner on his debut over fences at Uttoxeter last month, looks set to bid for a follow-up on the first day of the new Cheltenham season on Friday, writes David Lawrence.
I doubt there can be many better examples of a kangaroo court.
They make their own rules - it's a bloody kangaroo court, added Johnson, who handles a team of "about 60 with the young ones" and employs "36 to 40" full-time staff.
KANGAROO COURT, who was a useful novice over hurdles last season, made a winning debut over fences when landing the odds in the novice chase.