This has incorporated the use of naturally occurring tension between the keyers
and the improvisers to limit the excesses of campus as well as those of community routines.
Entry-level positions such as data entry keyers
generally require a high-school diploma, fast keyboarding speed and some business education.
Whole job categories such as typesetters, telephone operators, data keyers
, motion picture projectionists, and lathe operators, to name just a few, have all but disappeared (Bureau of Labor Statistics; Flower, 1997).
The story that Boris tells begins with tenement-house cigarmakers in nineteenth-century New York and ends with New England knitters of the 1980s and the "cottage keyers
" who process data for Blue Cross and similar firms on home computers.
Almost half of all women are employed in occupations that are at least 80% female; these women include, for example, librarians, health technicians, secretaries and typists, data-entry keyers
, nurses, bank tellers and bookkeepers, telephone operators, sewers and stitchers, child-care workers, and dental assistants.
A suite of 35 pre-built effects and two independent keyers
that enable color-suppressed chroma keying, full linear keying, and a choice of matte or video fills are other highlights.
For example, women who worked as telephone operators, data keyers
, or computer operators did not appear to show the same surge in mortality rates.
As the "applicant prescreening supervisor" for the Blue Cross/Blue Shield cottage keyers
program noted, "The cost of processing has gone down," since keyers
are paid on a piecework basis, according to the number of forms they process, and do not get fringe or vacation benefits.
Graphite contains the features of a Carbonite switcher, including 2MEs with five keyers
each, four MiniME processors with two keyers
each, four floating DVEs, two UltraChrome chroma keyers
, two advanced pattern generators per ME, and four channels of MediaStore.
"Pebble Beach Marina controls the downstream keyers
on the IS-750 for Viz Multichannel graphics, as per the MediaGeniX schedule.
Above and beyond these basic specifications and the features available on most video switchers, some models have downstream and upstream keyers
as well as internal media players, or they have special connections such as MIDI, USB class streaming outputs, tally lights, and even two-way fiber video and talk-back connections.