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United; coupled together in interest; shared between two or more persons; not solitary in interest or action but acting together or in unison. A combined, undivided effort or undertaking involving two or more individuals. Produced by or involving the concurring action of two or more; united in or possessing a common relation, action, or interest. To share common rights, duties, and liabilities.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


adj., adv. referring to property, rights or obligations which are united, undivided and shared by two or more persons or entities. Thus, a joint property held by both cannot be effectively transferred unless all owners join in the transaction. If a creditor sues to collect a joint debt, he/she must include all the debtors in the lawsuit, unless the debt is specifically "joint and several," meaning anyone of the debtors may be individually liable. Therefore, care must be taken in drafting deeds, sales agreements, promissory notes, joint venture agreements, and other documents. A joint tenancy is treated specially, since it includes the right of the survivor to get the entire property when the other dies (right of survivorship). (See: joint tenancy, joint and several, joint venture, tenancy in common)

Copyright © 1981-2005 by Gerald N. Hill and Kathleen T. Hill. All Right reserved.

JOINT. United, not separate; as, joint action, or one which is brought by several persons acting together; joint bond, a bond given by two or more obligors.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
According to him, about 40 per cent of people above 60 years of age will have arthritis in one joint or the other, adding that the commonest joints that are affected are the hip and knee joints, been weight-bearing joints.
The mechanism of ultrasound therapy of knee joint is described as application of high frequency sound waves cause mechanical and thermal effects which in turn result in increase in blood flow and metabolic activity, decreased inflammatory response and decreased pain5.
A computerized RCT was conducted targeting the Indian population having OA of knee joint and 50 subjects were selected according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria.
All patients in the PSI group underwent knee joint CT and standing full-length lower extremity radiography 2 weeks before admission.
The insignificant differences were seen between males and females in stages 0 and 2 in the knee joint and stage 2 and 4 in hand joints.
A diagnosis of lipoma arborescence of bilateral knee joint and suprapatellar compartment was made based on classical imaging findings of fat signal intensity frond-like synovial proliferation with associated effusion.
Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate a long-term effects of ACL resection on the morphological and contractile properties of skeletal muscles around the knee joint, namely rectus femoris (RF) and semimembranosus (SM) muscles, among ACL-resected, contralateral and sham-operated sedentary control limbs of rats.
The menisci of the knee joint. Anatomical and functional characteristics, and a rationale for clinical treatment.
The muscular strength of the knee joint was measured with an isometric mode using Biodex System 4.
The machine was set to a knee joint isolated movement pattern and isometric resistance mode, under which the knee joint angle can be set and fixed.
If one of the menisci -- the cushioning cartilage in the knee joint -- is also torn, however, that can increase knee instability, making surgery the best option.
The department performs all types of hip and knee joint replacement, revision and complex joint replacement surgeries and spine surgeries, keyhole surgery and trauma care.