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Consciously; willfully; subject to complete understanding of the facts or circumstances.

According to provisions contained in the Model Penal Code, an individual is deemed to have acted knowingly in regard to a material element of an offense when: in the event that such element involves the nature of his or her conduct or the circumstances attendant thereto, he or she is aware that the conduct is of such nature or that those circumstances exist; if the element relates to a result of the person's conduct, he or she is conscious of the fact that it is substantially certain that the conduct will precipitate such a result.

When the term knowingly is used in an indictment, it signifies that the defendant knew what he or she was going to do and, subject to such knowledge, engaged in the act for which he or she was charged.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

KNOWINGLY, pleadings. The word knowingly," or "well knowing," will supply the place of a positive averment in an indictment or declaration, that the defendant knew the facts subsequently stated; if notice or knowledge be unnecessarily stated, the allegation may be rejected as surplusage. Vide Com. Dig. Indictment, G 6; 2 Stra. 904; 2 East, 452; 1 Chit. Pl. *367; Vide Scienter.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
Knowing that, they can motivate the customer past the objections by showing that the benefit is more valuable to the customer than the concerns that underlie the objections.
Karen, obviously, is trying to determine and render her own version, so all of the characters are caught up in trying to make, or even control and dominate an idea of knowing the truth."
Knowing how serious Jaiani was about her dancing, Jaiani's sister, who had by then settled on Long Island, suggested Victoria send a tape so that she could take it around to schools in New York.
Maybe the connection between "knowing" and "hope," and the difference between them, is one of tense.
Knowing ourselves, and everything around us, is a task which demands the most of us.
According to the federal criminal complaint, Lindh's role in the terrorist conspiracy "began in May or June of 2001." It was then that Lindh "agreed to attend an al-Qaeda training camp for additional and extensive military training, knowing that America and its citizens were the enemies of bin Laden and al-Qaeda and that a principal purpose of al-Qaeda was to fight and kill Americans." While at the training camp, Lindh allegedly learned that "bin Laden had sent forth some fifty people to carry out twenty suicide terrorist operations against the United States and Israel."
The court took the position that where a defendant deliberately avoids confirming his suspicions, in the face of a high probability that illegal drugs are present, in order to purposely remain ignorant of their presence, such deliberate avoidance of knowledge is equivalent to actually knowing the drugs are there.
Unfortunately, suggests George Linney, "doctors come at networking from the standpoint of being very bright, knowing a lot of information, but wanting to be self-sufficient.
industry involves more than simply knowing how to sew.
It still doesn't work.) I feel guilty sitting here knowing I don't have two tape recorders running like Virginia wanted.
Knowing this makes all the difference in the world in a man's attitude toward the commonplace activities of daily life.
On the job, knowing your lights should help you to protect yourself In general, knowing yourself should help you to maintain your self-esteem and your openness to warmth, goodness, and intimacy from other people.