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In this study, we sought to determine the effect of acupressure on labor pain and the duration of labor.
Waters & Raisler (2003) investigated the use of ice massage of the acupressure energy meridian point large intestine 4 (LI4) to reduce labor pain during contractions.
Dick-Read (cited in Nichols & Humenick, 2005) hypothesized that labor pain is inherently psychological.
The effect of sterile water blocks on low back labor pain.
Beyond that, however, some nonpharmacologic strategies compete well with opioids, the next most common pharmacologic option for treating labor pain, Judith T.
The test measured the VAS scores for the (a) total labor pain ("total" meaning both abdominal and lumbar pain) during contraction, (b) continuous total labor pain, (c) lumbar pain during contraction, and (d) continuous lumbar pain in the sitting position (which was significantly lower than in supine position).
Further study is needed before the effectiveness can be generalized and also to determine if American women will accept the subcutaneous injections as an alternative method of labor pain relief.
Nitrous oxide is widely used for labor pain in the United Kingdom, Finland, Sweden, Canada, Australia, and New Zealand.
2) Labor pain is managed by non-pharmacologic as well as pharmacologic methods and the effect of each method has long been confirmed.
The purpose of this article is to provide childbirth educators an update of the current options for management of labor discomfort, including alternative and traditional medicine techniques so that they are better prepared to present options and answer questions regarding labor pain management.
Eventually, physicians will use the information to plan management of labor pain and progress, she said.