boundary

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boundary

noun border, borderline, bound, compass, configuration, confine, confinement, delimitation, delineation, division line, edge, enclosure, extremity, finis, limit, limitation, limits, line of circumvallaaion, line of demarcation, lineaments, lines, outline, periphery, radius, rim, terminus, verge
Associated concepts: adjoining landowners, boundary line, boundary of a water course, boundary suit, metes and bounds, surveys and surveyors, trespass to try title, zoning
See also: ambit, barrier, border, configuration, confines, edge, enclosure, end, extremity, frontier, guideline, limit, margin, mete, purview, restriction, scope, termination

BOUNDARY, estates. By this term is understood in general, every separation, natural or artificial, which marks the confines or line of division of two contiguous estates. 3 Toull. n. 171.
     2. Boundary also signifies stones or other materials inserted in the earth on the confines of two estates.
     3. Boundaries are either natural or artificial. A river or other stream is a natural boundary, and in that case the centre of the stream is the line. 20 John. R. 91; 12 John. R. 252; 1 Rand. R. 417; 1 Halst. R. 1; 2 N. H. Rep. 369; 6 Cowen, R. 579; 4 Pick. 268; 3 Randolph's R. 33 4 Mason's R. 349-397.
     4. An artificial boundary is one made by man.
     5. The description of land, in a deed, by specific boundaries, is conclusive as to the quantity; and if the quantity be expressed as a part of the description, it will be inoperative, and it is immaterial whether the quantity contained within the specific boundaries, be greater or less than that expressed; 5 Mass. 357; 1 Caines' R. 493; 2 John. R. 27; 15 John. 471; 17 John. R. 146; Id. 29; 6 Cranch, 237; 4 Hen. & Munf. 125; 2 Bay, R. 515; and the same rule is applicable, although neither the courses and distances, nor the estimated contents, correspond with such specific boundaries; 6 Mass. 131; 11 Mass. 193; 2 Mass. 380; 5 Mass. 497; but these rules do not apply in cases where adherence to them would be plainly absurd. 17 Mass. 207. Vide 17 S. & R. 104; 2 Mer. R. 507; 1 Swanst. 9; 4 Ves. 180; 1 Stark. Ev. 169; 1 Phil. Ev. Index, h. t.; Chit. Pr. Index, h. t.; 1 Supp. to Ves. jr. 276; 2 Hill. Ab. c. 24, Sec. 209, and Index, h. t.
     6. When a boundary, fixed and by mutual consent, has been permitted to stand for twenty-one years, it cannot afterwards be disturbed. In accordance with this rule, it has been decided, that where town lots have been occupied up to a line fence between them, for more than twenty-one years, each party gained an incontrovertible right to the line thus established, and this whether either party knew of the adverse claim or not; and whether either party has more or less ground than was originally in the lot he owns. 9 Watts, R. 565. See Hov. Fr. c. 8, p. 239 to 243; 3 Sum. R 170 Poth. Contr. de Societe, prem. app. n. 231.
     7. Boundaries are frequently marked by partition fences, ditches, hedges, trees, &c. When such a fence is built by one of the owners of the land, on his own premises, it belongs to him exclusively; when built by both at joint expense, each is the owner of that part on his own land. 5 Taunt. 20. When the boundary is a hedge and a single ditch, it is presumed to belong to him on whose side the hedge is, because he who dug the ditch is presumed to have thrown the earth upon his own land, which was alone lawful to do, and that the hedge was planted, as is usual, on the top of the bank thus raised. 3 Taunt. 138. But if there is a ditch on each side of the hedge, or no ditch at all, the hedge is presumed to be the common property of both proprietors. Arch. N. P. 328; 2 Greenl. Ev. Sec. 617. A tree growing in the boundary line is the joint property of both owners of the land. 12 N. H. Rep. 454.
     8. Disputes arising from a confusion of boundaries may be generally settled by an action at law. But courts of equity will entertain a bill for the settlement of boundaries, when the rights of one of the parties may be established upon equitable grounds. 4 Bouv. Inst. n. 3923.

References in periodicals archive ?
Furthermore the land boundary agreement which has been pending for five decades needs to be given serious attention.
Notwithstanding any settlement of land boundary, maritime boundary be delimited from seaward side, leaving some portion close to the coast undivided.
Coverage of the widely accepted ALTA/ACSM Land Boundary Survey standards and associated property descriptions
The Centre recently approved the historic Land Boundary Agreement with Bangladesh.
The Third Edition of A Guide to Understanding Land Surveys has been expanded with thirty percent new material and is fully updated to reflect the latest practice guidelines and technology, including the use of GPS and GIS in land boundary re-establishment.
am pleased to inform that the standing committee ( on parliamentary affairs) presented a unanimous report to the Sabha today ( Monday) on the 119 Amendment Act of the Constitution, which talks about the Land Boundary Agreement with Bangladesh.
After a protocol was signed on 6th September, 2011, the issues relating to demarcation of un-demarcated boundary; the territories in adverse possession; and exchange of enclaves were identified and resolved, which forms an integral part of the Land Boundary Agreement between India and Bangladesh, 1974.
Cisco's IP telephony, with additional services, such as text message broadcasting, will allow us to save on systems administration and training, allowing more headcount to protect the future EU's longest stretch of land boundary.
The ROCARS is now operated in all land boundary control points for customs clearance of road cargoes.
The contentious Land Boundary Agreement for the exchange of 111 Indian enclaves in Bangladesh in return for 51 Bangladeshi enclaves in India, and the proposed Teesta water-sharing agreement are also likely to be discussed.
The agreement on the demarcation of land boundary between Bangladesh and India and related matters, signed in May 1974 is a unique document that epitomises the depth of the friendship, goodwill and mutual trust and above all, the vision of peace and harmony of two great statesmen- former Bangladeshi prime minister Sheikh Mujibur Rahman and his then Indian counterpart Indira Gandhi.
By Treaty, the international land boundary between the United States and Mexico extends over 1,952 miles, westward from the mouth of the Rio Grande River on the Gulf of Mexico to just upstream of El Paso, Texas, and Juarez, Chihuahua, westward along the New Mexico-Chihuahua and Arizona-Sonora state boundaries to the Colorado River, thence along the California-Baja California state boundary to the Pacific Ocean.