boundary

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boundary

noun border, borderline, bound, compass, configuration, confine, confinement, delimitation, delineation, division line, edge, enclosure, extremity, finis, limit, limitation, limits, line of circumvallaaion, line of demarcation, lineaments, lines, outline, periphery, radius, rim, terminus, verge
Associated concepts: adjoining landowners, boundary line, boundary of a water course, boundary suit, metes and bounds, surveys and surveyors, trespass to try title, zoning
See also: ambit, barrier, border, configuration, confines, edge, enclosure, end, extremity, frontier, guideline, limit, margin, mete, purview, restriction, scope, termination

BOUNDARY, estates. By this term is understood in general, every separation, natural or artificial, which marks the confines or line of division of two contiguous estates. 3 Toull. n. 171.
     2. Boundary also signifies stones or other materials inserted in the earth on the confines of two estates.
     3. Boundaries are either natural or artificial. A river or other stream is a natural boundary, and in that case the centre of the stream is the line. 20 John. R. 91; 12 John. R. 252; 1 Rand. R. 417; 1 Halst. R. 1; 2 N. H. Rep. 369; 6 Cowen, R. 579; 4 Pick. 268; 3 Randolph's R. 33 4 Mason's R. 349-397.
     4. An artificial boundary is one made by man.
     5. The description of land, in a deed, by specific boundaries, is conclusive as to the quantity; and if the quantity be expressed as a part of the description, it will be inoperative, and it is immaterial whether the quantity contained within the specific boundaries, be greater or less than that expressed; 5 Mass. 357; 1 Caines' R. 493; 2 John. R. 27; 15 John. 471; 17 John. R. 146; Id. 29; 6 Cranch, 237; 4 Hen. & Munf. 125; 2 Bay, R. 515; and the same rule is applicable, although neither the courses and distances, nor the estimated contents, correspond with such specific boundaries; 6 Mass. 131; 11 Mass. 193; 2 Mass. 380; 5 Mass. 497; but these rules do not apply in cases where adherence to them would be plainly absurd. 17 Mass. 207. Vide 17 S. & R. 104; 2 Mer. R. 507; 1 Swanst. 9; 4 Ves. 180; 1 Stark. Ev. 169; 1 Phil. Ev. Index, h. t.; Chit. Pr. Index, h. t.; 1 Supp. to Ves. jr. 276; 2 Hill. Ab. c. 24, Sec. 209, and Index, h. t.
     6. When a boundary, fixed and by mutual consent, has been permitted to stand for twenty-one years, it cannot afterwards be disturbed. In accordance with this rule, it has been decided, that where town lots have been occupied up to a line fence between them, for more than twenty-one years, each party gained an incontrovertible right to the line thus established, and this whether either party knew of the adverse claim or not; and whether either party has more or less ground than was originally in the lot he owns. 9 Watts, R. 565. See Hov. Fr. c. 8, p. 239 to 243; 3 Sum. R 170 Poth. Contr. de Societe, prem. app. n. 231.
     7. Boundaries are frequently marked by partition fences, ditches, hedges, trees, &c. When such a fence is built by one of the owners of the land, on his own premises, it belongs to him exclusively; when built by both at joint expense, each is the owner of that part on his own land. 5 Taunt. 20. When the boundary is a hedge and a single ditch, it is presumed to belong to him on whose side the hedge is, because he who dug the ditch is presumed to have thrown the earth upon his own land, which was alone lawful to do, and that the hedge was planted, as is usual, on the top of the bank thus raised. 3 Taunt. 138. But if there is a ditch on each side of the hedge, or no ditch at all, the hedge is presumed to be the common property of both proprietors. Arch. N. P. 328; 2 Greenl. Ev. Sec. 617. A tree growing in the boundary line is the joint property of both owners of the land. 12 N. H. Rep. 454.
     8. Disputes arising from a confusion of boundaries may be generally settled by an action at law. But courts of equity will entertain a bill for the settlement of boundaries, when the rights of one of the parties may be established upon equitable grounds. 4 Bouv. Inst. n. 3923.

References in periodicals archive ?
Additional protocols for 1974 Land Boundary Agreement, signed during Prime Minister Manmohan Singh's visit to Dhaka in September 2011, require a constitutional amendment for ratification as these involve exchange of land in 111 Indian enclaves in Bangladesh and 51 Bangladeshi enclaves on Indian soil.
Sources said the proposal to bring the Bill was deferred earlier after Congress strongly opposed the exclusion of Assam from the ambit of the Land Boundary Agreement.
The agreement is aimed at settling the issue of enclaves, having a population of about 50,000 and adverse possession along the common land boundary of approximately 4,069-km border between India and Bangladesh.
On Wednesday, Sushma had thanked former prime minister Manmohan Singh who was sitting in the Upper House for pushing the Land Boundary Agreement and noted that she was only taking his work forward as there was no change NDA pact between decades.
The parcel is on Kettering's south boundary and extends the land boundary of Kettering University to the banks of the Flint River.
Tenders are invited for Virar-Surat Section-Providing Land Boundary Post Along The Track Under Jurisdiction Of Sr.
During the meeting, Khurshid reassured Moni about his intention to introduce a constitutional amendment related to the Land Boundary Agreement during the Winter Session of Parliament.
The contentious Land Boundary Agreement for the exchange of 111 Indian enclaves in Bangladesh in return for 51 Bangladeshi enclaves in India, and the proposed Teesta water-sharing agreement are also likely to be discussed.
The Foreign Secretary is likely to discuss the Constitution Amendment Bill on the land boundary agreement with Bangladesh.
Congress on Monday asked the government to take the Land Boundary Agreement with Bangladesh forward a parliamentary standing committee headed by party MP Shashi Tharoor submitted its report in both the Houses.
DESPITE opposition from various political parties, the UPA government is keen on pushing through a constitution amendment bill on the India- Bangladesh land boundary agreement in Parliament to signal its commitment on the issue to Dhaka.
The Prime Minister told the visiting Bangladesh Foreign Minister that India will ratify the land boundary agreement and take it to Parliament for its passage.