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n. real property, real estate (and all that grows thereon), and the right to minerals underneath and the airspace over it. It may include improvements like buildings, but not necessarily. The owner of the land may give a long-term (like 99 years) lease to another with the right to build on it. The improvement is a "leasehold" for ownership of the right to use--without ownership of--the underlying land. The right to use the air above a parcel of land is subject to height limitations by local ordinance, state or federal law.

(See: real property, real estate)

Copyright © 1981-2005 by Gerald N. Hill and Kathleen T. Hill. All Right reserved.


not only the physical surface of land but everything growing on or underneath that surface, anything permanently affixed to the surface (such as a building) and the airspace above that surface. It includes not only the soil or earth but always any water, a pond, for example, being regarded as land covered by water. Land may be divisible both horizontally and vertically; thus, ownership of the surface may be vested in one person while ownership of mines and minerals are vested in another. It is perfectly possible to have ‘flying freeholds’, where ownership of different storeys of the same building are vested in different persons. Scotland has a developed law of the tenement which has been given an even more coherent statutory basis in the twenty-first century.
Collins Dictionary of Law © W.J. Stewart, 2006

LAND. This term comprehends any found, soil or earth whatsoever, as meadows, pastures, woods, waters, marshes, furze and heath. It has an indefinite extent upwards as well as downwards; therefore land, legally includes all houses and other buildings standing or built on it; and whatever is in a direct line between the surface and the centre of the earth, such as mines of metals and fossils. 1 Inst. 4 a; Wood's Inst. 120; 2 B1. Com. 18; 1 Cruise on Real Prop. 58. In a more confined sense, the word land is said to denote "frank tenement at the least." Shep. To. 92. In this sense, then, leaseholds cannot be said to be included under the word lands. 8 Madd. Rep. 635. The technical sense of the word land is farther explained by Sheppard, in his Touch. p. 88, thus: "if one be seised of some lands in fee, and possessed of other lands for years, all in one parish, and he grant all his lands in that parish (without naming them) in fee simple or for life; by this grant shall pass no, more but the lands he hath in fee simple." It is also said that land in its legal acceptation means arable land. 11 Co. 55 a. See also Cro. Car. 293; 2 P. Wms. 458, n.; 5 Ves. 476; 20 Vin. Ab. 203.
     2. Land, as above observed, includes in general all the buildings erected upon it; 9 Day, R. 374; but to this general rule there are some exceptions. It is true, that if a stranger voluntarily erect buildings on another's land, they will belong to the owner of the land, and will become a part of it; 16 Mass. R. 449; yet cases are, not wanting where it has been decided that such an erection, under peculiar circumstances, would be considered as personal property. 4 Mass. R. 514; 8 Pick. R. 283, 402; 5 Pick, R. 487; 6 N. H. Rep. 555; 2 Fairf. R. 371; 1 Dana, R. 591; 1 Burr. 144.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
Ishmael fleshes out the meaning of landlessness: "all deep, earnest thinking is but the intrepid effort of the soul to keep the open independence of her sea; while the wildest winds of heaven and earth conspire to cast her on the treacherous, slavish shore" (116-17).
Chapter 16 (by Ramkumar) presents temporal data on a village in East Maharashtra to find that through the 40 years until 2006-2007, there has been a rise in landlessness.
Given low prevailing daily wage rates in rural areas, poverty and landlessness are strongly correlated.
South Africa is still a deeply divided country, where poverty, landlessness, unemployment and violence blight the lives of many, even if civil war is no longer on the horizon.
This indicates that poverty and landlessness are directly related to each other in Pakistan's rural areas.
The High Commissioner noted that there were numerous examples of projects aimed at sustainable development seriously impinging on the rights of already vulnerable communities, leading to landlessness, homelessness and economic dispossession.
Besides the primary factors inducing migration like acute poverty and lack of livelihood options, there are some additional factors that force villagers to choose the path of migration - heavy debts, landlessness, expenses incurred in social functions like marriage and death ceremonies, to repair houses, or simply the lure of easy money.
The Age of Orphans, her debut novel and the first in a trilogy, follows the lives of three generations of Kurdish men as they grapple with landlessness, migration, and national identity.
Indian companies (with government loan guarantees), Middle Eastern companies such as in Kuwait, Qatar and Saudi Arabia, not to mention China, are all leasing tens of thousands of hectares in hopes of growing food for their growing populations while Africans risk landlessness in land-leasing countries including Ethiopia, Kenya, Mali, Mozambique and Senegal.
Landlessness and rural poverty are closely linked since land is a principal asset in a rural economy like Pakistan.
In fact, unemployment, poverty, landlessness, and social alienation of tribal residents is growing.
Landlessness is an undisputable reason for poverty and hunger in the rural areas of Pakistan.