land

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land

n. real property, real estate (and all that grows thereon), and the right to minerals underneath and the airspace over it. It may include improvements like buildings, but not necessarily. The owner of the land may give a long-term (like 99 years) lease to another with the right to build on it. The improvement is a "leasehold" for ownership of the right to use--without ownership of--the underlying land. The right to use the air above a parcel of land is subject to height limitations by local ordinance, state or federal law.

(See: real property, real estate)

land

not only the physical surface of land but everything growing on or underneath that surface, anything permanently affixed to the surface (such as a building) and the airspace above that surface. It includes not only the soil or earth but always any water, a pond, for example, being regarded as land covered by water. Land may be divisible both horizontally and vertically; thus, ownership of the surface may be vested in one person while ownership of mines and minerals are vested in another. It is perfectly possible to have ‘flying freeholds’, where ownership of different storeys of the same building are vested in different persons. Scotland has a developed law of the tenement which has been given an even more coherent statutory basis in the twenty-first century.

LAND. This term comprehends any found, soil or earth whatsoever, as meadows, pastures, woods, waters, marshes, furze and heath. It has an indefinite extent upwards as well as downwards; therefore land, legally includes all houses and other buildings standing or built on it; and whatever is in a direct line between the surface and the centre of the earth, such as mines of metals and fossils. 1 Inst. 4 a; Wood's Inst. 120; 2 B1. Com. 18; 1 Cruise on Real Prop. 58. In a more confined sense, the word land is said to denote "frank tenement at the least." Shep. To. 92. In this sense, then, leaseholds cannot be said to be included under the word lands. 8 Madd. Rep. 635. The technical sense of the word land is farther explained by Sheppard, in his Touch. p. 88, thus: "if one be seised of some lands in fee, and possessed of other lands for years, all in one parish, and he grant all his lands in that parish (without naming them) in fee simple or for life; by this grant shall pass no, more but the lands he hath in fee simple." It is also said that land in its legal acceptation means arable land. 11 Co. 55 a. See also Cro. Car. 293; 2 P. Wms. 458, n.; 5 Ves. 476; 20 Vin. Ab. 203.
     2. Land, as above observed, includes in general all the buildings erected upon it; 9 Day, R. 374; but to this general rule there are some exceptions. It is true, that if a stranger voluntarily erect buildings on another's land, they will belong to the owner of the land, and will become a part of it; 16 Mass. R. 449; yet cases are, not wanting where it has been decided that such an erection, under peculiar circumstances, would be considered as personal property. 4 Mass. R. 514; 8 Pick. R. 283, 402; 5 Pick, R. 487; 6 N. H. Rep. 555; 2 Fairf. R. 371; 1 Dana, R. 591; 1 Burr. 144.

References in periodicals archive ?
The Landrover - which had been stolen overnight from Glenn Way, Shardlow, in Derbyshire - was found abandoned in Ruddington.
In an announcement on Monday, JLR said: "The decision to move the LandRover Discovery to Slovakia and the potential losses of some agency employed staff in the UK is a tough one but forms part of our long-term manufacturing strategy as we transform our business globally." It comes weeks after profits at Jaguar LandRover were almost cut in half in the fourth quarter, as the car-maker was stung by a combination of falling diesel sales and Brexit uncertainty.
Inquiries are ongoing to locate the LandRover and speak to the driver and anyone with any information is asked to contact police on 101 ext 69191 quoting reference number 974 12/04/15.
In the past year, it has won a number of major contracts, including a seven-figure deal with Gestamp Tallent to supply machines making parts for Jaguar Landrover's L550 platform, and a long-term programme of machine refurbishments for Rosti McKechnie.
It's believed the device hit the landrover but deflected off it, striking and causing considerable damage to the car of Filipino Marvi Santos and his family.
Jaguar Landrover, a Tata subsidiary, fared better with sales of 35,485 units compared with 32,257 units in the same period in 2012.
The course was designed for the global launch of Jaguar Landrover's new Range Rover Evoque and has been tested by hundreds of foreign motoring correspondents during the past week.
Sophie Howe, chairman of the Chamber's mid-Warwickshire branch, said: "David Smith is a key figure in the future of the automotive industry nationally and even more crucial to the success of West Midlands businesseswho supply Jaguar LandRover.Many of those companies are based in Coventry and Warwickshire and we are sure they will be keento hearwhat hehas to say.
She's Supersonic, trained by Tony Martin, fell at the first fence in the 2m1f McElligotts Landrover Handicap Chase.
Customers include General Motors, Ford, DaimlerChrysler, Fiat, Opel, VW, LandRover and BMW.
Constable John Alcock, 40, was badly injured in the smash between a Grampian patrol car and a tourist's LandRover at Ballindalloch, Moray.
Ford Prestige Auto Group sells a variety of high-end automobiles including Jaguar, Austin Martin and Landrover.