Miscarriage

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MISCARRIAGE, med. jurisp. By this word is technically understood the expulsion of the ovum or embryo from the uterus within the first six weeks after conception; between that time and before the expiration of the sixth month, when the child may possibly live, it is termed abortion. When the delivery takes place soon after the sixth month, it is denominated premature labor. But the criminal act of destroying the foetus at any time before birth, is termed in law, procuring miscarriage. Chit. Med. Jur. 410; 2 Dunglison's Human Physiology, 364. Vide Abortion; Foetus.

MISCARRIAGE, contracts, torts. By the English statute of frauds, 29, C. II., c. 3, s. 4, it is enacted that "no action shall be brought to charge the defendant upon any special promise to answer for the debt, default, or miscarriage of another person, unless the agreement," &c. "shall be in writing," &c. The word miscarriage, in this statute comprehends that species of wrongful act, for the consequences of which the law would make the party civilly responsible. The wrongful riding the horse of another, without his leave or license, and thereby causing his death, is clearly an act for which the party is responsible in damages, and therefore, falls within the meaning of the word miscarriage. 2 Barn. & Ald. 516; Burge on Sur. 21.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
Women treated with clindamycin had a statistically significant reduced rate of late miscarriages or spontaneous preterm deliveries compared with women in the placebo group (5.3% vs 15.8%).
Researchers looked at more than 200 women, all of whom had a history of consecutive or late miscarriages.
The team from the Imperial College and St Mary's Hospital in London looked at more than 200 women, all of whom had a history of consecutive or late miscarriages.
She married her man Sam Cooper just over a week ago and the blushing bride announced that she's expecting again after losing two babies through late miscarriage.
She married her man Sam Cooper at the weekend and the blushing bride announced she's expecting again after losing two babies through late miscarriage.
The actress has been diagnosed with an incompetent cervix, which can cause premature birth or late miscarriage. Doctors have put a stitch in her cervix to protect her unborn girl.
Women who have had previous pre-term deliveries or late miscarriage who would like to take part in the trial should ask their GP to contact the PREMET midwife, Department of Obstetrics at St Thomas's Hospital for details.
They enrolled 449 women, with at least 2 early or 1 late miscarriages, at 5--8 weeks' gestation after confirmation of a viable pregnancy by ultrasonography.