lesion

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lesion

injury or loss. In the civil law jurisdictions the word is often used in the context of an ‘unfair’ loss, as where an adult takes advantage of a minor or someone purchases something for much less than it's worth.
Collins Dictionary of Law © W.J. Stewart, 2006

LESION, contracts. In the civil law this term is used to signify the injury suffered, in consequence of inequality of situation, by one who does not receive a full equivalent for what he gives in a commutative contract.
     2. The remedy given for this injury, is founded on its being the effect of implied error or imposition; for in every commutative contract, equivalents are supposed to be given and received. Louis. Code, 1854. Persons of full age, however, are not allowed in point of law to object to their agreements as being injurious, unless the injury be excessive. Poth. Oblig. P. 1, c. 1, s. 1, art. 3, Sec. 4. But minors are admitted to restitution, not only against any excessive inequality, but against any inequality whatever. Poth. Oblig. P. 1, c. 1, s. 1, art. 3, Sec. 5; Louis. Code, art. 1858.
     3. Courts of chancery relieve upon terms of redemption and set aside contracts entered into by expectant heirs dealing for their expectancies, on the ground of mere inadequacy of price. 1 Vern. 167; 2 Cox, 80; 2 Cas. in Ch. 136; 1 Vern. 141; 2 Vern. 121; 2 Freem. 111; 2 Vent. 359; 2 Vern. 14; 2 Rep. in Ch. 396; 1 P. W. 312; 1 Bro. C. C. 7; 3 P. Wms. 393, n.; 2 Atk. 133; 2 Ves. 125; 1 Atk. 301; 1 Wils. 286; 1 Wils. 320; 1 Bro. P. 6. ed. Toml. 198; 1 Bro. C. C. 1; 16 Ves. 512; Sugd. on Vend. 231, n. k.; 1 Ball & B. 330; Wightw. 25; 3 Ves. & Bea. 117; 2 Swanst. R. 147, n.; Fonb. notes to the Treatise of Equity, B, 1, c. 2, s. 9. A contract cannot stand where the party has availed himself of a confidential situation, in order to obtain some selfish advantage. Note to Crowe v. Ballard. 1 Ves. jun. 125; 1 Hov. Supp. 66, 7. Note to Wharton v. May. 5 Ves. 27; 1 Hov. Supp. 378. See Catching bargain; Fraud; Sale.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
The BI-RADS III lesions were operated because in one of these cases, the patient already had palpable lesions, and she decided not to follow up for the development of non-palpable nodules.
To differentiate between benign and malignant lesions histopathologically (For early diagnosis of malignancy)
optic nerve glioma, orbital meningioma, hemangioma, lymphangioma,5 neurofibroma, sarcoma.6,7 Thyroid dysfunction may cause tumor like condition and lateral protrusion of eye balls (Graves' Disease).8,9 Extraconal lesions are dermoid tumor21 (dermoid cyst) and pleomorphic adenoma of the lacrimal gland.10
Lesions from the first scan were identified as either index, or non-index lesions.
"We demonstrate OCT evidence of localized pathological changes at the level of the photoreceptors in small lesions among survivors of EVD with retinal lesions," the authors write.
The lesions were categorized according to the new classification of Enamel white lesions (WSTC) consecutively as superficial, mixed and deep enamel white lesions.
Lacunar infarction is a common cerebrovascular disease in clinics.1,2 After the infarction of central branch of cerebral artery is induced by arteriolosclerosis, cerebral tissues whose blood is supplied by the central branch induce softening lesions, leading to the formation of cavity.
In this mobile teledermoscopy study, the first one developed in Brazil, we aimed to study the feasibility and reliability of the technique for the dermatological diagnosis of pigmented lesions.
A total of 44 patients (12 males, 32 females) with common pigmented skin lesions were enrolled and interviewed.
The remaining biopsies (18%; 27 of 152) were performed to follow up an incomplete evaluation or indeterminate lesion. The median and mean sizes of MRI lesions were 10 and 14 mm, respectively (range, 5-80 mm).
On histopathology 77.9% (n=233) lesions turned to be malignant and 22.1% (n=66) were benign.
The more chronic active lesions a patient has the greater the chances they will experience this type of MS,' said Daniel S.