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In Common-Law Pleading or Code Pleading, the initial statements made by a plaintiff that set forth a Cause of Action to commence a civil lawsuit; the different points of a plaintiff's declaration, each of which constitute a basis for relief. In Criminal Procedure, one of several parts or charges of an indictment, each accusing the defendant of a different offense.

The term count has been replaced by the word complaint in the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure and many state codes of civil procedure. Sometimes count is used to denote the numbered paragraphs of a complaint, each of which sets out an essential element of the claim.

Federal and state rules of criminal procedure govern the standards that a criminal count must satisfy in federal and state criminal matters.


n. each separate statement in a complaint which states a cause of action which, standing alone, would give rise to a lawsuit), or each separate charge in a criminal action. For example, the complaint in a civil (non-criminal) lawsuit might state: First Count (or cause of action) for negligence, and then state the detailed allegations; Second Count for breach of contract, Third Count for debt, and so forth. In a criminal case each count would be a statement of a different alleged crime. There are also so-called common counts which cover various types of debt. (See: common counts)


noun accusation, allegation, assertion, case for the prosecution, charge, citation, claim, comes, condemnation, countercharge, crimination, delation, denunciation, distinct statement, imputation, inculpation, indictment, item, item in the indictment, main charge, particular charge, statement of a cause of action
Associated concepts: count in an accusatory instrument, ommibus count
See also: accusation, amount, appraise, assess, calculate, canvass, census, charge, complaint, computation, enumerate, item, itemize, poll, quantity, sum, surmise, survey


a paragraph in an indictment containing a distinct and separate charge.

COUNT, pleading. This word, derived from the French conte, a narrative, is in our old law books used synonymously with declaration but practice has introduced the following distinction: when the plaintiff's complaint embraces only a single cause of action, and he makes only one statement of it, that statement is called, indifferently, a declaration or count; though the former is the more usual term.
    2. But when the suit embraces two or more causes of action, (each of which of course requires a different statement;) or when the plaintiff makes two or more different statements of one and the same cause of action, each several statement is called a count, and all of them, collectively, constitute the declaration.
    3. In all cases, however, in which there are two or more counts, whether there is actually but one cause of action or several, each count purports, upon the face of it, to disclose a distinct right of action, unconnected with that stated in any of the other counts.
    4. One object proposed, in inserting two or more counts in one declaration, when there is in fact but one cause of action, is, in some cases, to guard against the danger of an insufficient statement of the cause, where a doubt exists as to the legal sufficiency of one or another of two different modes of declaring; but the more usual end proposed in inserting more than one count in such case, is to accommodate the statement to the cause, as far as may be, to the possible state of the proof to be exhibited on trial; or to guard, if possible, against the hazard of the proofs varying materially from the statement of the cause of action; so that if one or more or several counts be not adapted to the evidence, some other of them may be so. Gould on Pl. c. 4, s. 2, 3, 4; Steph. Pl. 279; Doct. Pl. 1 78; 8 Com. Dig. 291; Dane's Ab. Index, h.t.; Bouv. Inst. Index, h.t. In real actions, the declaration is most usually called a count. Steph. Pl. 36, See Common count; Money count.

References in periodicals archive ?
Several mechanisms have been postulated ([5,6]) to explain the effect of high leukocyte counts on ischemic vascular events.
Leukocyte count estimation is one of the most helpful and first line investigations for patients presenting with acute abdomen.
One session of high intensity exercise increased leukocyte count in lean mice, while the obese mice had higher basal levels of leukocyte count and showed no increase in leukocyte count induced by exercise.
Results of our study conclude that there is a significant change in differential leukocyte count among smokers when compared to non-smokers among North Eastern Indian males.
The data displayed that PI extract significantly ameliorated airway inflammation, goblet cell hyperplasia, total leukocyte count, and differential leukocyte count, which might be attributed to the attenuation of TNF-[alpha], IL-4, and IL-5 expression levels.
Induction of arthritis was evaluated by total leukocyte count (TLC) and its effect on lungs was evaluated by the presence of inflammatory cells in histopathological sections of lungs.
Differential Leukocyte Count revealed that the lymphocytes were the predominant leukocytes (50.
6%) values for total leukocyte counts compared with published data, (14,18) the CVI values for absolute neutrophil, monocyte, and lymphocyte differential counts were much smaller than previously reported (14,18).
1992) Since the white blood cells in the avian species, in general, serve to phagocytic function similar to their mammalian counterparts and different leukocyte count as well as H/L ratio were used as indicators of stress response.
The diagnostic criteria for aseptic meningitis were CSF total leukocyte count above five cells, negative bacteriological tests and a clinical condition compatible with meningitis.
The USPSTF found no relationship between elevated leukocyte count and CHD events.

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