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Formerly the party who filed an initiatory Pleading (a formal declaration of a claim) in an ecclesiastical or religious matter or in an admiralty case, corresponding to the plaintiff in actions at law.

Since 1966, the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure and Supplementary Admiralty Rules have governed admiralty actions, which are presently commenced by complaint.


Admiralty and Maritime Law; Civil Procedure.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Instead of entirely forfeiting a claim because of such an arrest, the in rem libelant was made answerable for "any damages" sustained as a result of the arrest if the libelant had either "actual or constructive knowledge that the vessel or cargo of a foreign state was involved." (131) In addition, the legislative history of the 1988 amendment makes clear that "the traditional in rem procedure ...
In these circumstances the libelants' objection that, to be entertained, the suggestion should come through official channels of the United States was well taken.").
I shall decide that the libelant has a lien for his wages as bartender....").
are the same as in a libel in rem" in a federal court, and cited the conclusion, which likewise tracked a federal in rem pleading, that "'libelants pray process in admiralty' against the steamer, 'her tackle, apparel, and furniture,' and that the same may be condemned to satisfy their damages and costs." Id.