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Formerly the party who filed an initiatory Pleading (a formal declaration of a claim) in an ecclesiastical or religious matter or in an admiralty case, corresponding to the plaintiff in actions at law.

Since 1966, the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure and Supplementary Admiralty Rules have governed admiralty actions, which are presently commenced by complaint.


Admiralty and Maritime Law; Civil Procedure.

See: accuser, claimant, complainant, contender, contestant, litigant, party
References in periodicals archive ?
Instead of entirely forfeiting a claim because of such an arrest, the in rem libelant was made answerable for "any damages" sustained as a result of the arrest if the libelant had either "actual or constructive knowledge that the vessel or cargo of a foreign state was involved.
sections] 742 (1994) ("The libelant shall forthwith serve a copy of his libel on the United States attorney for such district and mail a copy thereof by registered mail to the Attorney General of the United States) (emphasis added).
I shall decide that the libelant has a lien for his wages as bartender.