(25) In general terms, some alternatives preserve a teleological point of view about liberation throughout history, whereas others try to avoid a critical analysis of the disconfirmation of the traditional liberation teleology by assuming new topics and theological perspectives.
Considering the fact that both alternatives to the crisis of liberation theology uphold the final redemption of history, it is therefore necessary to make an analysis of the main and most important influences in the development of this teleological thought, so as to later understand its influence on the present crisis of liberation theology.
For the first purpose, there are certain elements that could lead us to understand the usefulness of further elaboration of the teleological perspective in liberation theology: the particular kind of millenarianism of liberation theology and the emergence of liberation theology into a modern inductive method.
Liberation Theology and Its Particular Kind of Millenarianism
To start with, the answer to the question "What is the relationship between salvation and the process of human liberation throughout the history?" in liberation theology was carried out by assuming certain kind of millenarian teleological eschatology which took final salvation in history for granted.
On the one hand, millenarian movements, millenarian theologians, and even the paradigmatic text of Rev 20:1-6, do not play a direct role in the elaboration of the main liberation theology thesis about historical liberation throughout history.
We could even say that liberation theology is closer to millenarianism in its postmillennialist approach and its idea that the Kingdom will come gradually by the use of human instrumentalities.
However, there is a methodological inversion between both approaches--the postmillennialist approach and liberation theology approach--in their starting point.
Liberation theology was born into the context of the Modern rationality of social sciences.
In sum, liberation theology contains a certain kind of millenarianism that would believe in a human liberation in history and which would be influenced by the teleological perspective, which is present in modern social thought.
Gutierrez's liberation theology emerged out of the same inductive method of the Second Vatican Council, (35) but it also offered some particular developments in order to show the intrinsic link between sacred and profane histories.
In this dialectic praxis, final salvation and historical liberation are necessarily intermingled.