Reason

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REASON. By reason is usually understood that power by which we distinguish truth from falsehood, and right from wrong; and by which we are enabled to combine means for the attainment of particular ends. Encyclopedie, h.t.; Shef. on Lun. Introd. xxvi. Ratio in jure aequitas integra.
     2. A man deprived of reason is not criminally responsible for his acts, nor can he enter into any contract.
     3. Reason is called the soul of the law; for when the reason ceases, the law itself ceases. Co. Litt. 97, 183; 1 Bl. Com. 70; 7 Toull. n. 566.
     4. In Pennsylvania, the judges are required in giving their opinions, to give the reasons upon which they are founded. A similar law exists in France, which Toullier says is one of profound wisdom, because, he says, les arrets ne sont plus comme autre fois des oracles muets qui commandent une obeissance passive; leur autorite irrefragable pour ou contre ceux qui les ont obtenus, devient soumise a la censure de la raison, quand on pretend les eriger en regles a suivre en d'autres cas semblables, vol. 6, n. 301; judgments are not as formerly silent oracles which require a passive obedience; their irrefragable authority, for or against those who have obtained them, is submitted to the censure of reason, when it is pretended to set them up as rules to be observed in other similar cases. But see what Duncan J. says in 14 S. & R. 240.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
Joe Fanning on Ile Facile and Tony Culhane on Listen To Reason. Both made sure they got the run of the race by dictating the pace
"Unfortunately, President Bush apparently won't listen to reason, scientific evidence, or the will of the American public, so NRDC is left no choice but to sue," Olson said.
So do radicals, which liberals insist only encourages "polarization." As though the brutal class and cultural divisions in this country are simply a matter of ideological ill-will, and all might be resolved if all parties would only listen to reason!
At the same time, many partisans of free choice continue to look to the Constitution tion for their salvation, hoping against hope that an increasingly conservative Supreme Court will listen to reason and uphold their rights.'
Time is short, but taking the EU right up to the wire is the ONLY way they will listen to reason.
"The people of the UK own a majority of RBS and - if RBS bosses won't listen to reason - the UK Government must intervene."
Hopefully, Israel will listen to reason and stop its provocative actions of the past few days before tension between the two sides gets out of control and becomes a deadly conflict."
Returning back he wanted to chance it over the top, saying that he might as well be bloody well shot as drowned, but I made him listen to reason, and when we arrived back at Battalion Headquarters his language had improved fifty per cent.
"If they have made their minds up it will be difficult to persuade them but if it's a genuine consultation I would hope they would listen to reason.
The sufferings of our people are growing and growing, and they now concern us very much." Meanwhile, OIC Secretary-General Iyad bin Amin Madani, called for a comprehensive national reconciliation in Yemen through resumption of the political process with the participation of all powers and parties in the country that must "listen to reason" and hold public interests "above all other considerations." According to Madani, today's extraordinary meeting comes in support to Yemen's stability.