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MONTH. A space of time variously computed, as it is applied to astronomical, civil or solar, or lunar months.
     2. The astronomical month contains one-twelfth part of the time employed by the sun in going through the zodiac. In law, when a month simply is mentioned, it is never understood to mean an astronomical month.
     3. The civil or solar month is that which agrees with the Gregorian calendar, and these months are known by the names of January, February, March, &c. They are composed of unequal portions of time. There are seven of thirty-one days each, four of thirty, and one which is sometimes composed of twenty-eight days, and in leap years, of twenty-nine.
     4. The lunar mouth is composed of twenty-eight days only. When a law is passed or contract made, and the month is expressly stated to be solar or civil, which is expressed by the term calendar month, or when it is expressed to be a lunar month, no difficulty can arise; but when time is given for the performance of an act, and the word month simply is used, so that the intention of the parties cannot be ascertained then the question arises, how shall the month be computed? By the law of England a month means ordinarily, in common contracts, as, in leases, a lunar month; a contract, therefore, made for a lease of land for twelve months, would mean a lease for forty-eight weeks only. 2 Bl. Com. 141; 6 Co. R. 62; 6 T. R. 224. A distinction has been made between "twelve months," and "a twelve-month;" the latter has been held to mean a year. 6 Co. R. 61.
     5. Among the Greeks and Romans the months were lunar, and probably the mode of computation adopted in the English law has been adopted from the codes of these countries. Clef des Lois Rom. mot Mois.
     6. But in mercantile contracts, a month simply signifies a calendar month; a promissory note to pay money in twelve months, would therefore mean a promise to pay in one year, or twelve calendar months. Chit. on Bills, 406; 1 John. Cas. 99; 3 B. & B. 187; 1 M. & S. 111; Story on Bills, Sec. 143; Story, P. N. Sec. 213; Bayl. on Bills, c. 7; 4 Kent, Comm. Sect. 56; 2 Mass. 170; 4 Mass. 460; 6 Watts. & Serg. 179.
     7. In general, when a statute Speaks of a month, without adding "calendar," or other words showing a clear intention, it shall be intended a lunar month. Com. Dig. Ann. B; 4 Wend. 512; 15 John. R. 358. See 2 Cowen, R. 518; Id. 605. In all legal proceedings, as in commitments, pleadings, &c. a month means four weeks. 3 Burr. R. 1455; 1 Bl. Rep. 450; Dougl. R. 446 463.
     8. In Pennsylvania and Massachusetts, and perhaps some other states, 1 Hill. Ab. 118, n., a month mentioned generally in a statute, has been construed to mean a calendar month. 2 Dall. R. 302; 4 Dall. Rep. 143; 4 Mass. R. 461; 4 Bibb. R. 105. In England, in the ecclesiastical law, months are computed by the calendar. 3 Burr. R. 1455; 1 M. & S. 111.
     9. In New York, it is enacted that whenever the term "month," or "months," is or shall be used in any statute, act, deed, verbal or written contract, or any public or private instrument whatever, it shall be construed to mean a calendar, and not a lunar month; unless otherwise expressed. Rev. Stat. part 1, c. 19, tit. 1, Sec. 4. Vide, generally, 2 Sim. & Stu. 476; 2 A. K. Marsh. Rep. 245; 3 John. Ch. Rep. 74; 2 Campb. 294; 1 Esp. R. 146; 6 T. R. 224; 1 M. & S. 111; 3 East, R. 407; 4 Moore, 465; 1 Bl. Rep. 150; 1 Bing. 307; S. C. 8 Eng. C. L. R. 328;. 1 M. & S. 111; 1 Str. 652; 6 M. & S. 227; 3 Brod. & B. 187; S. C. 7 Eng. C. L. R. 404.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
Furthermore, a second approach was employed to determine if the mortality rates followed a cyclic pattern during the lunar month. The daily numbers of recorded deaths were plotted as a function of the days of the lunar month.
The period of time between one new moon and the next is called by astronomers "the synodic lunar month." According to the best computation that science can provide today, the mean synodic period is 29.530589 days, which is twenty-nine days, twelve hours, forty-four minutes, and 2.89 seconds.
He said that it is likely that a new government will be formed by the end of the lunar month of Ramadan, which will occur on September 9 or 10, depending on the sighting of the new moon.
ANSWERS: 1 A geographer and explorer; 2 Snooker and billiards; 3 Barbara Cartland; 4 Cochineal; 5 The elephant; 6 Pennies From Heaven; 7 A lunar month; 8 Suffolk; 9 The Thorn Birds; 10 Music of the Spheres.
Chris Gray Hounslow, Middx AEASTER Sunday is the first Sunday after the 14th day of the lunar month - the nominal full moon - that falls on or after March 21, nominally the day of the vernal equinox.
"The lunar month is either 29 or 30 days long, while a solar month is 30 or 31 days long, so sometimes we see two full moons in one solar month," said Prof Alnaser.
In addition to recovering economy and the free commodity tax for autos, August's exceptional growth also owes partially to low comparison base, as August last year overlapped entirely with the 7th lunar month in the Chinese calendar, the ghost month when many local people shun major activities.
However, all Libyans as well Shia Muslims in Lebanon, who determine the lunar month according to astronomical calculations, began their fasting on Friday, clerics said.
However, all Libyans as well Shiite Muslims in Lebanon, who determine the lunar month according to astronomical calculations, began their fasting on Friday.
The UAE cabinet last week had only asked government schools and those private schools following the ministry curriculum to postpone classes until after the Muslim holy month of Ramadan, a lunar month that falls around August 20 this year and ends around September 20.
To pay attention to the phases of the moon as it gives the appearance of waxing and waning as the lunar month progresses.
The millennia-old festival traditionally begins on the first day of the first lunar month. It does not mark the beginning of a numbered year like the Western Gregorian calendar.