year

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YEAR. The period in which the revolution of the earth round the sun, and the accompanying changes in the order of nature, are completed.
     2. The civil year differs from the astronomical, the latter being composed of 365 days, 5 hours, 48 seconds and a fraction, while the former consists, sometimes of three hundred and sixty-five days, and at others, in leap years, of three hundred and sixty-six days.
     3. The year is divided into half-year which consists, according to Co. Litt. 135 b, of 182 days; and quarter of a year, which consists of 91 days, Ibid. and 2 Roll. Ab. 521, 1. 40. It is further divided into twelve months.
     4. The civil year commences immediately after twelve o'clock at night of the thirty-first day of December, that is the first moment of the first day of January, and ends at midnight of the thirty-first day of December, twelve mouths thereafter. Vide Com. Dig. Ann.; 2 Bl. Com. by Chitty, 140, n.; Chitt. Pr. Index tit. Time alteration of the calendar (q.v.) from old to new style in England, (see Bissextile,) and the colonies of that country in America, the year in chronological reckoning was supposed to commence with the first day of January, although the legal year did not commence until March 25th, the intermediate time being doubly indicated: thus February 15, 1724, and so on. This mode of reckoning was altered by the statute 24 Geo. II. cap. 23, which gave rise to an act of assembly of Pennsylvania, passed March 11, 1752; 1 Sm. Laws, 217, conforming thereto, and also to the repeal of the act of 1710.
     5. In New York it is enacted that whenever the term "year" or "years" is or shall be used in any statute, deed, verbal or written contract, or any public or private instrument whatever, the year intended shall be taken to consist of three hundred and sixty-five days; half a year of a hundred and eighty-two days; and a quarter of a year of ninety-two days; and the day of a leap year, and the day immediately preceding, if they shall occur in any period so to be computed, shall be reckoned together as one day. Rev. Stat. part 1, c. 19, t. 1, Sec. 3.

References in periodicals archive ?
Worse still, because the lunar year was only 354 days long, its months drifted forward in the seasons.
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However, it was also reported that sales and prices at retail for domestic beef remain strong ahead of Lunar Year.
The extension starts at the end of the current Muslim lunar year which is expected to coincide this year with December 17.
The start of the lunar year is not just celebrated in China.
Chinatown comes alive in February with traditional decorations and lights in celebration of the new lunar year.
As a result, the Muslim lunar year (354 days) changes 11 days earlier than the solar calendar (365 days) annually.
In much of Southeast Asia it is believed that the seventh month of the lunar year (roughly coinciding with August) is the time when the gates of hell are flung open, allowing ghosts to wander freely on earth.
Aristotle believed the 350 head of cattle that Helios pastured on Thrinakia symbolized the lunar year (12 lunations equals 354 days).
Celebrate the start of the Chinese New Year - lunar year 4704, the Year of the Dog - on Sunday with a special home-cooked feast with family and friends.
By the reign of Julius Caesar, the calendar was in a mess because the priests hadn't been consistent in making corrections between the solar and lunar year for more than 500 years.
Each section gives a basic overview of the topic, and the author delves into sun sign (astrology) and lunar year (Chinese horoscope) ascendants for an extra challenge.