maleficium


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See: crime, mischief, misdeed

MALEFICIUM, civil law. Waste, damage, torts, injury. Dig. 5, 18, 1.

References in periodicals archive ?
357), a nocao de maleficium existia desde a antiguidade: uma "atribuicao do infortunio a um agente humano oculto".
21-22): either through the witch's maleficium or Hannibal's terrorizing infantry, ferce English dogs turn into yelping curs.
And how did the social and material conditions that hypothetically predicated concrete acts of maleficium relate to these individuals' moral self-construction?
According to Hansen, a "witch" became someone who not only practiced maleficium (or magic used for harmful ends), but also made a pact with the devil, attended nocturnal Sabbaths, and was capable of flight.
If a woman has destroyed someone's offspring by her maleficium, she should do penance for half a year with an allowance of bread and water, and abstain from wine and from meat for two years and [fast] for six Lents with bread and water.
Segun Rufino, el matrimonium initiatum puede ser disuelto por las siguientes causas (66): 1) tras un segundo matrimonio consumado, 2) tras una relacion sexual libremente consentida con otra persona, 3) por rapto, 4) por impotencia (maleficium), 5) por entrada en religion, 6) por delito gravisimo (67), 7) por enfermedad permanente y 8) por cautividad duradera (68).
Y eso sucede "quando maleficium propter iniuriam creatoris illatam puniendo tradit" (Institoris y Sprenger, 1669: pars 2, quaestio 1, capitulum 16: 166).
De hecho, el Canon no mencionaba el maleficium ni el culto del demonio; impugnaba la <<supersticion>> de ciertas mujeres que, enganadas por el demonio, creian cabalgar en espiritu con diosas paganas de la noche en determinadas epocas del ano.
(21) Furthermore, most of those accused of maleficium in Scotland were middle-aged females, implicated by their neigh-bours (usually their social equals) after some sort of inter-personal conflict, followed by an otherwise inexplicable misfortune.
La actio iniuriarum y su respectiva pena privada, y en general todas las acciones que surgieron como consecuencia de la comision de un maleficium, estaban caracterizadas por la solidaridad cumulativa por pasiva, en este sentido, si varias personas habian ocasionado la iniuria, cada una de ellas estaba obligada a pagar la totalidad de la condena, por tanto el pago por parte de uno de los ofensores no extinguia la obligacion para los demas (40).