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man

Maori for SOVEREIGNTY.
Collins Dictionary of Law © W.J. Stewart, 2006

MAN. A human being. This definition includes not only the adult male sex of the human species, but women and children; examples: "of offences against man, some are more immediately against the king, other's more immediately against the subject." Hawk. P. C. book 1, c. 2, s. 1. Offences against the life of man come under the general name of homicide, which in our law signifies the killing of a man by a man." Id. book 1, c. 8, s. 2.
     2. In a more confined sense, man means a person of the male sex; and sometimes it signifies a male of the human species above the age of puberty. Vide Rape. It was considered in the civil or Roman law, that although man and person are synonymous in grammar, they had a different acceptation in law; all persons were men, but all men, for example, slaves, were not persons, but things. Vide Barr. on the Stat. 216, note.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
Also, although Mansfield covers an enormous amount of ground in this book there is one important question which he ignores, namely the relation between manliness and Christianity.
Manliness is not something to which we merely should defer, but rather something for which we must provide guidance.
Like some other recent collections, we recognize that manliness is not a once and forever victory, and it is a fraught business.
Elsewhere in the series, the foul-mouthed chef challenges Top Gear presenter James May to eat disgusting foodstuffs as a "test of manliness".
You may not have been amused by the Snickers commercial that had two straight men proving their "manliness" by ripping out their chest hair, but many of us found it a delightful send-up of homophobia.
BRUTE MANLINESS is the new ideal in the Christian men's movement.
Dignity, manliness, and wisdom called for self-control and coolness of temper." But Wood's grasp of history can be quite slippery: in the election of 1800, the tie in the Electoral College was not, as Wood says, between Jefferson and his Federalist opponent John Adams, but between Jefferson and his own running mate, Aaron Burr; and if "L'audace, l'audace, toujours l'audace" was "the cry of yesterday's avant-garde," as Wood says, it's because they were quoting Frederick the Great.
That men still kill animals in order to put their dead body parts up on the wall as evidence of their manliness seems to me primitive and barbaric.
Even as black militia companies, post-Reconstruction, were forcibly eliminated, "quasi-military" secret and fraternal orders like Savannah's Knights of Pythias in 1906 took over: "the men in uniform may not have been in the militia, but the local black newspaper reported their maneuvers as though they were." (73) According to Brundage, a "preoccupation with black manliness" "circumscribed black women's roles in commemorations until at least World War I," (83) a point that might productively engage Glenda Gilmore (Gender and Jim Crow)'s argument regarding the alleged dominance of black women in post-Reconstruction public roles.
Surridge investigates the social dialogue regarding marital violence, the presumed privacy of the home, and notions of manliness. Her argument usefully charts the evolution of feminist rhetoric against marital violence alongside the positions that tended to conserve traditional gender roles.
It's a safe bet that the National Organization for Women will not be offering Harvard political scientist Harvey Mansfield's new book Manliness as a membership gift any time soon.