Manor

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Manor

A house, a dwelling, or a residence.

Historically under English Law, a manor was a parcel of land granted by the king to a lord or other high ranking person. Incident to every manor was the right of the lord to hold a court called the court baron, which was organized to maintain and enforce the services and duties that were owed to the lord of the manor. The lands that constituted the manor holdings included terrae tenementales, Latin for "tenemental lands," and terrae dominicales, Latin for "demesne lands." The lord gave the tenemental lands to his followers or retainers in freehold. He retained part of the demesne lands for his own use but gave part to tenants in copyhold—those who took possession of the land by virtue of the evidence or copy in the records of the lord's court. A portion of the demesne lands, called the lord's waste, served as public roads and common pasture land for the lord and his tenants.

The word manor also meant the privilege of having a manor with the jurisdiction of a court baron and the right to receive rents and services from the copyholders.

Cross-references

Feudalism.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

MANOR, estates. This word is derived from the French manoir, and signifies, a house, residence, or habitation. At present its meaning is more enlarged, and includes not only a dwelling-house, but also lands. Vide Co. Litt. 58, 108; 2 Roll. Ab. 121 Merl. Repert. mot Manoir. See Serg. Land Laws of Pennsyl. 195.
     2. By the English law, a manor is a tract of land originally granted by the king to a person of rank, part of which was given by the grantee to his followers, and the rest lie retained under the name of his demesnes; that which remained uncultivated was called the lord's waste, and served for public roads and common of pasture for the lord and his tenants.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
The new Lord or Lady of the manor will be able to use the title on their passports, cheque books, and credit cards, while they will be eligible for membership of the Manorial Society of Great Britain.
Anglesey AM Rhun Ap Iorwerth said that the "weak" response from Westminster means the confusion around manorial rights on the island will rumble on.
Manorial accounts, and linguistic evidence indicate that the Anglo-Normans had a profound impact on horticulture in this region but it is remarkable to be presented with an actual medieval garden such as that revealed at Cookstown, Co.
"People were fined for playing bowls [in Temple Balsall] in the 1620s," Neil Bettridge, manorial documents project officer for Warwickshire County Council, said.
Netzlof divides his introduction into three substantive sections: "Surveying and Social Dialogue," "Manorial Culture," and "The Country and the City." The first section delineates the emergence of the surveyor's professional identity and how his claims to specialized knowledge, grounded in antiquity (such as Euclidian geometry), enable him to acquire social distinction.
This essay uses evidence from the manorial court rolls to explore landholding, inheritance, and the seasons in fourteenth-century Walsham within the contexts of women and space.
It is thirteen years since the start of the project to revise and to put online the Manorial Documents Register, a source which uniquely unites in one place a particular class of record scattered across the country.
(12) The ecclesiastical courts were the most obvious forum for dispute in a moral issue such as spousal desertion; nevertheless, cases relating to this matter also appear in secular courts, both royal and manorial. An analysis of cases drawn from all three venues provides the clearest understanding of a husband's options in an effort to either retrieve his wife or punish her and those who assisted her.
Together they are Rosemary & Thyme, and their adventures are played out against gorgeous English gardens, manorial landscapes, and the often stunning floral beauty of rural Britain.
Mark Roberts, from Cardiff, bought the title of Lord Marcher of Trelleck and its manorial rights from the University of Wales in 2000.
Although earlier debates had starkly opposed a manorial, subsistence economy to one based on towns and market exchanges, the more nuanced view articulated here sees the manor itself as economically dynamic.