For early nineteenth-century Salvador (Brazil), Nishida finds that approximately half of all manumissions
were the result of self-purchases.
At the other end of this spectrum were laws stipulating conditions under which enslaved individuals could gain their freedom through manumission
laws initially developed so that slaveholders could free children they fathered with bondwomen.
While Themudo's powers as Pai dos Christaos may have been curtailed as a result of the Junta of 1677-8, he continued to play a notable role in the day to day functions of the empire including the manumission
of convert slaves.
The relationship between public policy and the profitability of antebellum slavery is explored here with an empirical investigation of the impact of manumission
laws and slave patrol statutes on the market value of slaves.
, provide for the slave to be freed only after a fixed term; an owner's post-mortem manumission
often became effective only after the former master's wife had also died: the slave would have to serve the widow unless she remarried.
The author's analysis centres around the detailed exegesis of the first two texts to deal explicitly with the manumission
of Christian slaves, I Cor.
Despite its limitations, the act inspired an increase in manumissions
and led to a rapid decline in slavery in the city (although the institution held on tenaciously for a decade or more in the surrounding rural areas).
(57.) For these rare manumissions
see Duval County, Sophia Fleming, probate file 627 (June 26, 1848); Lewis Christopher, no.355 (1860); and Mariah Doggett, 1854, no.
For those "[b]orn during the Revolutionary era and reared amid the Second Great Awakening," slavery became an increasingly moral dilemma that inspired some planters to implement manumission
programs aimed at educating and evangelizing slaves in preparation for freedom in Africa (35).
Among the insights they provide is that manumission
was not a disinterested practice that countered or even humanized slavery, but was a response to the needs of slave owners within their own societies and economies.
As this volume's editors point out, "despite the outpouring of scholarly work on the institution of slavery over the past several decades, manumission