The latter was naturally happy to retain a hold over his manumitted
slave, who would remain dependent on him: the former master would become the buyer for the freed man's products or would serve as the middleman for outside buyers.
Perceiving that excessive use of force would not end black rebelliousness, Monroe attributed slave unrest to the growing number of manumitted
and runaway slaves, what Winthrop D.
The Athenians did not follow the suggestion, but they constantly manumitted
small numbers of slaves nevertheless.
The slave was considered a human being in Spanish America, a legal personality, possessing innumerable rights, as the Catholic Church Sacraments: baptism, marriage, parenthood, and death; to buy his freedom from his master, to be manumitted
or freed by his owner; to be heir of his master; to be freed by the State by performing an act of service to the country.
Theodora's mother had had sexual relations and was living with her slave "under the pretense that they were legally married," but she had never manumitted
the slave (Evans Grubbs, Law and Family 276).
Her overall emotional condition can be treated as the allegory relative to the attitudes many manumitted
black slaves held after the Emancipation Proclamation.
His dislike of the institution was exacerbated by his efforts to execute his father-in-law's will, which manumitted
Parke Custis's slaves.
Here Shulman draws on Orlando Patterson's work on slavery as 'social death' to make the case that redemption is a literal rebirth in Morrison's imagery: 'a manumitted
slave is reborn as a member of a community from which social death had excluded him' (p.
Since the Emancipation Proclamation has not been mentioned and the girls and their once-enslaved mothers were never legally manumitted
(as Tulee and Benny were), their status is ambiguous.
In "Is Yellow Black or White?" Gary Okihiro explains that cooliesm was very convenient to white Americans, who could replace manumitted
slaves with cheap workers from Asia.