Instead, we can simply explain the difference by referring to the lower level of markedness
of the phrase-like constructions.
The important fact about markedness
constraints, for present purposes, is that "what is 'marked' and 'unmarked' for some structural distinction is not an arbitrary formal choice, but rooted in the articulatory and perceptual systems" (Kager, 3).
The role of markedness
in the acquisition of complex prosodie structures by German-Spanish Bilinguals.
The representation of the markedness
suggests that there is a stringency (4) relation among the constraints; it makes the dominance among points of articulation dorsal >> labial >> coronal emerge in the analysis as subsets of violation, in which more marked structures lead to the demotion of the other constraints in the hierarchy.
is a context-specific phenomenon that can only be determined by comparing the status of languages within a particular social domain.
Based on Markedness
, it was suggested that the acquisition of PPCs precedes the acquisition of DOCs.
and the contrastive analysis hypothesis.
Central these is the markedness
of the letter or symbol as a porcelain or Plexiglas object or as a graphic mark.
Givon (1983) labels increased grammatical complexity as degrees of markedness
Data analysis is based on the Markedness
Model (Myers-Scotton, 1993) in order to determine which language is the unmarked code and which language is the marked one.
These frequencies seem to follow well-known markedness
scales, CV < _V, CV < CVV, where marked structures, like onsetless syllables and long vowels, occur with lower frequency (see e.
2), setting out a 'time-stability' hypothesis, and Croft (1991; 2001), which is based on markedness