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Master

An individual who hires employees or servants to perform services and who directs the manner in which such services are performed.A court officer appointed by a judge to perform such jobs as examining witnesses, taking testimony, computing damages, or taking oaths, affidavits, or acknowledgments of deeds.

A master makes a report of his or her findings to the judge so a decree can be formulated. A master in chancery was an officer in Chancery Court in England. In the U. S. these duties may be rendered by a court clerk, commissioner, auditor, or referee.

master

n. 1) employer, in the area of law known as "master and servant," which more properly should be called employer and employee. 2) a person, supposedly with special expertise, appointed by a judge to investigate a problem (such as whether a parent's home is appropriate for child visitation) and report back to the judge his/her findings and recommendation. (See: master and servant, employment, respondeat superior)

master

1 a nearly obsolete term for an EMPLOYER under a contract of employment in the sense of service rather than for services. The law was treated under the title ‘master and servant’ but is now usually collected under the title ‘employment law’, which includes much to do with trade unions. See EMPLOYMENT, UNFAIR DISMISSAL.
2 an officer of the Supreme Court of Judicature subordinate to a judge.

MASTER. This word has several meanings. 1. Master is one who has control over a servant or apprentice. A master stands in relation to his apprentices, in loco parentis, and is bound to fulfill that relation, which the law generally enforces. He is also entitled to be obeyed by his apprentices, as if they were his children. Bouv. Inst. Index, h.t.
     2.-2. Master is one who is employed in teaching children, known generally as a schoolmaster; as to his powers, see Correction.
     3.-3. Master is the name of an officer: as, the ship Benjamin Franklin, whereof A B is master; the master of the rolls; master in chancery, &c.
     4.-4. By master is also understood a principal who employs another to perform some act or do something for him. The law having adopted the maxim of the civil law, qui facit per alium facit per se; the agent is but an instrument, and the master is civilly responsible for the act of his agent, as if it were his own, when he either commands him to do an act, or puts him in a condition, of which such act is a result, or by the absence of due care and control, either previously in the choice of his agent, or immediately in the act itself, negligently suffers him to do an injury. Story, Ag. Sec. 454, note; Noy's Max. c. 44; Salk. 282; 1 East. R. 106; 1 Bos. & Pul. 404; 2 H. Bl. 267; 5 Barn. & Cr. 547; 2 Taunt. R. 314; 4 Taunt. R. 649; Mass. 364, 385; 17 Mass. 479, 509; 1 Pick. 47 5; 4 Watts, 222; 2 Harr. & Gill., 316; 6 Cowen, 189; 8 Pick. 23; 5 Munf. 483. Vide Agent; Agency; Driver; Servant.

References in periodicals archive ?
monopoly over broadband Internet service); see also THE MASTER SWITCH,
The trouble with The Master Switch is that Wu thinks he has a master key to the history and future of communications, and he doesn't.
Tim Wu extends this pessimistic narrative in The Master Switch. He ominously warns that there are "forces threatening the Internet as we know it," then crafts an enemies list that reads like a Who's Who of high-tech America.
There is also a master switch at the bottom of the left grip that turns everything off.
They found that the "master switch" of this inflammation is activated in the liver by weight gain.
The proteins are the "master switch," says Alfred Goldberg of Harvard Medical School in Boston, who heads one of the teams.
He chopped the left throttle to the off position, actuated the left engine fire button, and turned the left engine master switch off.
Unraveling the mystery of how p53 exerts its "master switch" control over cellular mortality would be an important advance in biology, and this study constitutes a major step toward that discovery.
The only problem was the exterior-lights master switch was left in the off position.
Topics included fuel-tank locations, fuel lines and sumps, how to remove and open cowlings, how to enter the aircraft, fuel cutoffs, master switch and battery locations, seat belt and harness releases, and seat removals, as well as exit windows, oxygen bottles, and rocket powered recovery systems.
* Energy conservation achieved by high-efficiency ballasts and daylight dimming systems will be augmented by providing each apartment with a master switch enabling tenants to turn off all nonessential lights when leaving home.
This master switch is the only thing about the grips with which I have some concern.