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An individual who hires employees or servants to perform services and who directs the manner in which such services are performed.A court officer appointed by a judge to perform such jobs as examining witnesses, taking testimony, computing damages, or taking oaths, affidavits, or acknowledgments of deeds.

A master makes a report of his or her findings to the judge so a decree can be formulated. A master in chancery was an officer in Chancery Court in England. In the U. S. these duties may be rendered by a court clerk, commissioner, auditor, or referee.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


n. 1) employer, in the area of law known as "master and servant," which more properly should be called employer and employee. 2) a person, supposedly with special expertise, appointed by a judge to investigate a problem (such as whether a parent's home is appropriate for child visitation) and report back to the judge his/her findings and recommendation. (See: master and servant, employment, respondeat superior)

Copyright © 1981-2005 by Gerald N. Hill and Kathleen T. Hill. All Right reserved.


1 a nearly obsolete term for an EMPLOYER under a contract of employment in the sense of service rather than for services. The law was treated under the title ‘master and servant’ but is now usually collected under the title ‘employment law’, which includes much to do with trade unions. See EMPLOYMENT, UNFAIR DISMISSAL.
2 an officer of the Supreme Court of Judicature subordinate to a judge.
Collins Dictionary of Law © W.J. Stewart, 2006

MASTER. This word has several meanings. 1. Master is one who has control over a servant or apprentice. A master stands in relation to his apprentices, in loco parentis, and is bound to fulfill that relation, which the law generally enforces. He is also entitled to be obeyed by his apprentices, as if they were his children. Bouv. Inst. Index, h.t.
     2.-2. Master is one who is employed in teaching children, known generally as a schoolmaster; as to his powers, see Correction.
     3.-3. Master is the name of an officer: as, the ship Benjamin Franklin, whereof A B is master; the master of the rolls; master in chancery, &c.
     4.-4. By master is also understood a principal who employs another to perform some act or do something for him. The law having adopted the maxim of the civil law, qui facit per alium facit per se; the agent is but an instrument, and the master is civilly responsible for the act of his agent, as if it were his own, when he either commands him to do an act, or puts him in a condition, of which such act is a result, or by the absence of due care and control, either previously in the choice of his agent, or immediately in the act itself, negligently suffers him to do an injury. Story, Ag. Sec. 454, note; Noy's Max. c. 44; Salk. 282; 1 East. R. 106; 1 Bos. & Pul. 404; 2 H. Bl. 267; 5 Barn. & Cr. 547; 2 Taunt. R. 314; 4 Taunt. R. 649; Mass. 364, 385; 17 Mass. 479, 509; 1 Pick. 47 5; 4 Watts, 222; 2 Harr. & Gill., 316; 6 Cowen, 189; 8 Pick. 23; 5 Munf. 483. Vide Agent; Agency; Driver; Servant.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
Candidates have ten years to complete each of the Fellowship & Mastership requirements.
On behalf of the partners in Mastership and Nissal, I am left to pass on our sincere and heartfelt condolences to Jamie's family, friends, working colleagues and anyone who had the privilege of having known him.
LINGFIELD: 12.30 Art Investor, 1.05 A Nod And A Wink, 1.40 Fulvio, 2.10 Mastership, 2.45 Dichoh, 3.15 Turn 'N Burn, 3.45 Blacktoft.
I can honestly say now that, having been through Fellowship, Mastership is a natural progression.
2.35 York Sporting Index (50:30:20:10) 12-15 Acrostic, 9-12 Kavachi, 8-11 Angel Rock, 6-8 Foolin Myself, 5-7 Checklow, Fanjura, Albaqaa, Mastership, Last Three Minutes, Toto Skyllachy, 4-6 Flipando, Medici Pearl, Opus Maximus, Red Jade, 3-5 Moon Sister, Dubai's Touch, 2-4 Granston, The Fifth Member, 1-3 Capable Guest, 0.5-2 Best Prospect.
The winner(s) will be able to use the scholarship funds for professional activities such as continuing dental education, DANB exams or certification, some expenses associated with ADAA Fellowship or Mastership, registration for a dental conference, among other possible activities.
Sporting (50:30:20:10) 12-15 Axiom, 9-12 Charm School, 6-8 Dhaular Dhar, Medici Pearl, Flipando, 5-7 Advanced, Mastership, Commander Cave, Barney McGrew, 4-6 Protector, Phantom Whisper, We'll Come, Masai Moon, Lucky Dance, 3-5 Haajes, 2-4 Bond City, Wyatt Earp, Jewelled Dagger, Sir Xaar, 1-3 Celtic Sultan, Invincibe Force, Ponty Rossa
"This recognition means that our educational courses continue to be accepted by the AGD for their Fellowship, Mastership and membership credit," Ms.
The booking of Johnny Murtagh for the John Quinn-trained Mastership could be significant and the strong-travelling four-year-old looks a solid option to start favourite for this competitive handicap, athough his draw could easily put some off his chances.
We also offer a program for fellowship and mastership. The fellowship and mastership programs recognize ADAA members who have excelled in their education. Challenge Cup Totesport: 10 Giganticus, 12 Carniolan, Furnace, Tajneed, 14 Cape Hawk, Mastership, Military Cross, Relative Order, We'll Come, Zaahid, 16 bar.
Once you're a Fellow, you should consider becoming one of "The Elite" by obtaining your Mastership. As of 2011 there are only 17 in the United States who have obtained this prestigious credential of Mastership.