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An individual who hires employees or servants to perform services and who directs the manner in which such services are performed.A court officer appointed by a judge to perform such jobs as examining witnesses, taking testimony, computing damages, or taking oaths, affidavits, or acknowledgments of deeds.

A master makes a report of his or her findings to the judge so a decree can be formulated. A master in chancery was an officer in Chancery Court in England. In the U. S. these duties may be rendered by a court clerk, commissioner, auditor, or referee.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


n. 1) employer, in the area of law known as "master and servant," which more properly should be called employer and employee. 2) a person, supposedly with special expertise, appointed by a judge to investigate a problem (such as whether a parent's home is appropriate for child visitation) and report back to the judge his/her findings and recommendation. (See: master and servant, employment, respondeat superior)

Copyright © 1981-2005 by Gerald N. Hill and Kathleen T. Hill. All Right reserved.


1 a nearly obsolete term for an EMPLOYER under a contract of employment in the sense of service rather than for services. The law was treated under the title ‘master and servant’ but is now usually collected under the title ‘employment law’, which includes much to do with trade unions. See EMPLOYMENT, UNFAIR DISMISSAL.
2 an officer of the Supreme Court of Judicature subordinate to a judge.
Collins Dictionary of Law © W.J. Stewart, 2006

MASTER. This word has several meanings. 1. Master is one who has control over a servant or apprentice. A master stands in relation to his apprentices, in loco parentis, and is bound to fulfill that relation, which the law generally enforces. He is also entitled to be obeyed by his apprentices, as if they were his children. Bouv. Inst. Index, h.t.
     2.-2. Master is one who is employed in teaching children, known generally as a schoolmaster; as to his powers, see Correction.
     3.-3. Master is the name of an officer: as, the ship Benjamin Franklin, whereof A B is master; the master of the rolls; master in chancery, &c.
     4.-4. By master is also understood a principal who employs another to perform some act or do something for him. The law having adopted the maxim of the civil law, qui facit per alium facit per se; the agent is but an instrument, and the master is civilly responsible for the act of his agent, as if it were his own, when he either commands him to do an act, or puts him in a condition, of which such act is a result, or by the absence of due care and control, either previously in the choice of his agent, or immediately in the act itself, negligently suffers him to do an injury. Story, Ag. Sec. 454, note; Noy's Max. c. 44; Salk. 282; 1 East. R. 106; 1 Bos. & Pul. 404; 2 H. Bl. 267; 5 Barn. & Cr. 547; 2 Taunt. R. 314; 4 Taunt. R. 649; Mass. 364, 385; 17 Mass. 479, 509; 1 Pick. 47 5; 4 Watts, 222; 2 Harr. & Gill., 316; 6 Cowen, 189; 8 Pick. 23; 5 Munf. 483. Vide Agent; Agency; Driver; Servant.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
Assault Mastery V, Sniper Mastery V, Shotgun Mastery V, SMG Mastery V, Melee Mastery V, Pistol Mastery V.
"The focus for the year has been on writing skills and the idea of 'mastery' is that students recap the skills in everything they do until it has been mastered.
It is practically always merely because of a weak mastery of the language in which a newspaper is produced, namely, in Kenya, English.
Individuals born to lower- or working-class families have less actual control over their lives, due to limited economic resources and other disadvantages early in life, leading to lower feelings of mastery. Second, adult class or socioeconomic attainment also affects mastery: people in more privileged strata typically enjoy more occupational autonomy and life success, reinforcing feelings of mastery.
"Even in the shorter programs we are able to achiever so much," Vermeeren explains, "Simply because the ideas and concepts we share in Personal Power Mastery are so different than what people have experienced before."
Let's say I want to build mastery by learning new skills in cooking and preparing fresh, homecooked meals for my family.
These findings suggest that informing students more generally of the potential achievement drawbacks (that have recently been explored in relation to mastery goals) should result in reliable improvements in interest-based studying behaviours, regardless of the specific variable proposed to account for this relationship.
If you are waiting to be motivated by someone else, personal mastery will elude you.
The purpose of the book is "to provide a hermeneutic of nature that will enable us to approach the ethical and political problems that we face concerning the natural world in a different way." In providing such a hermeneutic, Bannon begins by outlining the problem of mastery, and then offers a way of opening up the world again to mystery through the works of, primarily, Martin Heidegger and Merleau-Ponty.
This gives us renewed inspiration to try again until we reach a level of mastery that is quite close to the Master.
The mastery scores include (a) complete sentences, 100%; (b) percentage of complicated sentences, 50% or better; and (c) punctuation, 66% or better.