material witness


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material witness

n. a person who apparently has information about the subject matter of a lawsuit or criminal prosecution which is significant enough to affect the outcome of the case or trial. Thus, the court must make every reasonable effort to allow such a witness to testify, including a continuance (delay in a trial) to accommodate him/her if late or temporarily unavailable. (See: material, witness, trial)

References in periodicals archive ?
According to the AP, a US Justice Department report in 2012 showed that from 2000 through 2012, a total of 112 people were detained as material witnesses, an average of 8-1/2 per year.
The United States intends to call Taylor as a material witness in Hoback's trial.
AlKidd, who converted to Islam, was arrested by the FBI in 2003 so that he could testify as a material witness in the trial of a student who faced visa fraud charges and was held in prison for 16 days at three different prison facilities in three states.
"'Sections 1349 through 1362 set forth procedures under which a defendant may have a material witness residing outside the state or the country examined on an issue of fact arising in a pending criminal action.
Regardless of the specific underlying constitutional standards, material witness detention authority does not apply to the use of 48hour holds, nor does it provide authority for such holds under anything less than probable cause.
Two days before al-Kidd was scheduled to leave the country on a scholarship to study Arabic and Islamic law at a university in Saudi Arabia, FBI agents sought a warrant to detain him under the federal material witness statute.
Acosta was a material witness to the crime, although ICE officials told Mr.
But in seeking the material witness warrant, FBI agents falsely said that Kidd had purchased a one-way ticket and omitted the fact that he was a U.S.
The judge said DeRogatis wasn't asked to appear "as a reporter" but "as a material witness to a crime."
Reports said that in April, French judges had placed the assistant under the status of material witness, as part of a judicial inquiry on the financial scam at the bank.
Mr Chirac (below) was being questioned as a material witness in his Paris offices, in the presence of his lawyer, by judge Alain Philibeaux.
Guilded Warrior followed up a recent Chepstow win when beating Material Witness by five lengths in the 7f handicap.