matriarch

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In Chapter 2, 'Shapes of the house', Hadler analyses the changing physical construction of the longhouse (rumah gadang), the most striking aspect of the matriarchate and the symbol of Minangkabau tradition.
1) Part of my purpose in this paper is to reexamine aspects of the outmoded argument for "the matriarchate," proposed by German scholars well over a century ago, starting with Das Mutterrecht: eine Untersuchung uber der Gynaikokratie der alten Welt nach ihrer religiosen und rechtlichen Natur by Johann Jakob Bachofen (Stuttgart: Krais and Hoffman, 1861; 2nd ed.
A form of society existed at an early age known as the Matriarchate or Mother-rule.
3 Carolyn Fluehr-Lobban, "A Marxist Reappraisal of the Matriarchate," Current Anthropology 20.
Perhaps I erred in calling such a society matriarchal; technically, I suppose, it would be a matriarchate.
23) Matilda Joslyn Gage, Woman, Church and State: A Historical Account of the Status of Women Through the Christian Ages: With Reminiscences of the Matriarchate (New York: Truth Seeker, 1893), pp.