Infanticide

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INFANTICIDE, med. juris. The murder of a new born infant, Dalloz, Dict. Homicide, Sec. 4; Code Penal, 300. There is a difference between this offence and those known by the name of prolicide, (q.v.) and foeticide. (q.v.)
     2. To commit infanticide the child must be wholly born; it is not. Sufficient that it was born so far as the head and breathed, if it died before it was wholly born. 5 Carr. & Payn. 329; 24 Eng. C. L. Rep. 344; S. C. 6 Carr: & Payn. 349; S. C. 25 Eng. C. L. Rep. 433.
     3. When this crime is to be proved from circumstances, it is proper to consider whether the child had attained that size and maturity by which it would have been enabled to maintain an independent existence; whether it was born alive; and, if born alive, by what means it came to its death. 1 Beck's Med. Jur. 331 to 428, where these several questions are learnedly considered. See also 1 Briand, Med Leg. prem. part. c. 8 Cooper's Med. Jur. h.t. Vide Ryan's Med. Jur. 137; Med. Jur. 145, 194; Dr. Cummin's Proof of Infanticide considered Lecieux, Considerations Medico-legales sur l'Infanticide; Duvergie, Medicine Legale, art. Infanticide.

References in periodicals archive ?
In the present study, we had 101 cases with history of meconium stained amniotic fluid out of which 77.2% cases developed meconium aspiration syndrome.
Conclusion: Thick Meconium stained amniotic fluid was associated with low APGAR score, high rate of emergency cesarean section and meconium aspiration syndrome.
Chi-square test was also applied to see the association between final CTG traces and CTG on admission with respect to clear final liquor colour and meconium stain.
Understanding whether mothers would be willing to allow the use of their newborn infant meconium for research purposes has the potential to inform future meconium studies especially in low income countries where there are many cultural beliefs and practices surrounding births [19, 25].
Meconium aspiration syndrome (MAS) is a problem found all over the world, irrespective of race and ethnicity.
Neonatal sepsis (19.61%), respiratory distress syndrome (7.25%), neonatal jaundice (6.37%), meconium aspiration syndrome (5.20%), birth asphyxia (5%), transient tachypnea of newborn (3.92%) and congenital malformations (2.65%) were the other important causes of admission in our study.
Meconium has a long historical record of prenatal exposure to certain drugs of abuse.
Incidence of thin meconium occurred in 12% in misoprostol group, 10% in dinoprostone group, and 18% in Foley's catheter group.
A pathologist found she died from a "massive aspiration" of amniotic fluid and meconium due to asphyxia due to an umbilical cord around the baby's neck.
(8, 9) Suctioning is done because some clinicians believe it reduces the risk of aspiration, especially if there is meconium, and to stimulate breathing, but the evidence suggests that suctioning can stimulate the vagus nerve, which can lead to bradycardia.
the other mothers gazing at meconium as if it's fresh tar on a road