Advance medical directive
(AMD)--An oral or written statement by a patient with decision-making capacity expressing his/her preferences for a surrogate and/or future medical care in the event he/she becomes unable to participate in medical decision-making.
Another type of medical directive
is a health care power of attorney, also known as a medical power of attorney, health care proxy, or appointment of health care agent.
In addition, Nolo Press' WillMaker computer program includes state-specific medical directive
In concert with the values history, the medical directive
is designed to encourage prior consideration of specific instances and types of medical treatments and interventions an individual would want performed.
While wills, power of attorney, and medical directives
may not be the most pleasant topics to discuss; the Bettses contend that people need to be prepared for the unexpected.
Generally speaking valid medical directives
are to be followed and there may be penalties for not doing so.
This can take the form of a client-specific order, which is a prescription for an individual client, or as a medical directive
. A medical directive
is an order applicable to a range of clients who meet certain conditions.
That means futile-care protocols that prohibit doctors from treating the unconscious doom these defenseless people to intentionally caused deaths by dehydration -- even if they had previously signed an advance medical directive
stating that they would want their lives maintained.
This task is simplified if the patient's treatment preferences are documented in an advance medical directive
or through discussion with a physician.
That act requires every medical facility that receives federal funds -- "and that's almost all of them because of Medicare," she said -- to ask people being admitted whether they have an advance medical directive
and, if not, whether they would like one.
Families may wish to consult a legal assistance attorney for advice on a will, an advance medical directive
, power of attorney, and/or other legal documents.