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MELANCHOLIA, med. jur. A name given by the ancients to a species of partial intellectual mania, now more generally known by the name of monomania. (q.v.) It bore this name because it was supposed to be always attended by dejection of mind and gloomy ideas. Vide Mania.,

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
(48) The allegorist's perspective, then, reinforces the melancholiac's essentially critical vision.
His centonic reading and writing is depicted as being mimetically sympathetic with the assimilatory and hypochondriacal posture of the melancholiac toward the Other.
Fans will not be disappointed, for the album contains an eclectic mix of dance grooves coupled with melancholiac tracks and haunting vocals.
I suspect that Ficara uses with frequency vertiginous words like 'abisso', 'vuoto', 'baratro', 'voragine orribile', and others to allude to these brief temptations of Casanova the 'melancholiac', with a certain metaphorical participation in an imaginary brotherhood.