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The combination or mixture of two things; the process of commingling.

Confusion has been used synonymously with merger, meaning a union of two separate entities that eliminates clear boundaries. Confusion of rights, for example, is a combination of the rights of debtor and creditor in the same individual. Similarly, a confusion of titles exists when two titles to the same property combine in the same person. A confusion of debts is a method of eliminating a debt or canceling it. This may occur, for example, upon the death of a creditor when the debtor is the creditor's heir.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


1 in the lawof contract, in Scotland, a party cannot be under an obligation to himself Thus, if a person becomes his own creditor the debt is extinguished.
2 an anglicization of CONFUSIO.
Collins Dictionary of Law © W.J. Stewart, 2006

CONFUSION. The concurrence of two qualities in the same subject, which mutually destroy each other. Potli. Ob. P. 3, c. 5 3 Bl. Com. 405; Story Bailm. Sec. 40.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
simulate dementia characterized by mental confusion and
Which leaves daughter Carole about as popular as Ted Heath with right-wingers after revealing Thatcher's mental confusion.
It leads more readily to dilirium tremens (DTs) - violent shakes, hallucinations, and mental confusion induced by excessive use of alcohol, Female binge drinkers are at twice the risk of dying prematurely as alcoholic women who are not binge drinkers.
But precisely how the protein is linked to the disease and its symptoms of progressive memory loss and mental confusion is still a mystery.
Vitamin B12 deficiency can cause nerve damage and mental confusion.
When combined with alcohol it would affect co-ordination, and lead to mental confusion and disorientation and also heighten the effect of hypothermia, Mrs Mainwarring said.
Many different medical conditions are associated with memory impairment and mental confusion. These disorders may affect any number of organ systems in the body, including:
The prosecution told Exeter crown court: "He suffered substantial mental confusion adjusting to life in Buckfastleigh and believed people were plotting to kill him or he would be sold." The defence said: "In his community he was a proud elder of peace.
These include avoiding medications that may contribute to confusion or aggression, providing speech therapy for language difficulties, using behavior modification to help the patient control behavior, and treating physical or mental conditions--such as thyroid problems or depressive disorders--that might make mental confusion worse.
An advance deficiency is rare in healthy people, but can lead to weakness, mental confusion, irritability, depression and dizziness.
Stun guns send an shock into the skin, causing mental confusion and loss of balance for several minutes.
The symptoms of the infection include - fever, headache, drowsiness, respiratory illness, disorientation and mental confusion.